Paul's Chemotherapy Journey
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Paul's Hodgkin's lymphoma took several rounds of chemotherapy to treat. Watch Paul's chemotherapy journey to learn about his ups and downs through the treatment process.
Last Modified: 2013-06-13 | Tags »
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We all know someone who's had cancer, but you might not know all the facts. Take this quiz to learn about possible causes, consequences and treatments of this infamous and deadly disease.
Last Modified: 2011-02-16 | Tags »
Chemotherapy is both a little scary and mysterious - but it can be well worth the journey through its ups and downs. In this slideshow three survivors tell us what they faced and how they successfully made it through their cancer treatments.
Last Modified: 2013-08-29 | Tags »
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Many people with cancer are not aware that cancer rehabilitation is available. If you or someone you know needs treatment, check out this video to find out how to access it.
Last Modified: 2012-10-18 | Tags »
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Cancer is terrifying, but unless we're faced with the numbers we don't take preventative measures. Get educated about cancer statistics--whether you're learning about a survival rate or your chances of getting sick, you should know the facts.
Last Modified: 2011-02-16 | Tags »
Chemotherapay can be a draining experience. Check out our video and find out what happens to your body after chemotherapy.
Last Modified: 2012-08-16 | Tags »
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How does cancer impact the body? Watch this video get details on the effects of cancer.
Transcript: The term "cancer" refers to a group of diseases, which stem from mutations in the body's cells. As the...
The term "cancer" refers to a group of diseases, which stem from mutations in the body's cells. As the abnormal cells grow and spread, cancer can lead to physical symptoms, and, in one of four people, death. Generally, cancer harms a patient in two ways, by physically blocking or pressing on the body's organs, and by reproducing INSTEAD of normal, healthy cells. Of course, every type of cancer is different and leads to a specific set of symptoms and possible consequences. Usually though, symptoms begin locally, at the original site of cell mutation. A person experiencing local cancer symptoms may notice an unusual lump, ulcer, sore, or swelling, which is often due to tumor formation. Bleeding or pain may also accompany the growth. As cancer spreads, other symptoms occur. Because many cancers form in, or spread to the lymph nodes, swelling in this area is very common. Lymph node swelling may be noticed on either side of the neck, in the armpits, around the groin, behind the ears, and on the back of the neck. In addition, unexplained fatigue, fever, or severe weight loss may be signs of cancer, as the disease uses up much of the body's energy supply. The possible effects of cancer are even harder to determine, because every type is distinct, and every person responds to treatment in a different way. When cancer has not yet spread beyond a single tumor, it can still cause pain and illness by pressing against nerves or blocking nearby organs. For example, the presence of a cancerous tumor in the lungs could grow in the airway, obstructing oxygen flow in the body. Once cancer begins metastasis, or the process of spreading, even more serious problems can result. Since cancer cells reproduce at a much faster rate than healthy cells, they can displace, or essentially "take over" for healthy cells in certain areas. This is what happens in patients with leukemia, a type of cancer that begins in the bone marrow, where blood cells are produced. In a healthy person, the bone marrow makes three types of blood cells: White blood cells, which fight infection, red blood cells, which carry oxygen to body tissues, and platelets, which help form clots to control bleeding. People with leukemia begin to make too many white blood cells and stop making enough equally vital red blood cells and platelets. Unfortunately, no matter how exactly it happens, untreated cancer can eventually overrun healthy cells in vital parts of the body thereby leading to death. The good news is that modern medical screening and treatment options have raised the cancer survival rate higher than ever! If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with cancer, talk to your doctor about what to expect and the treatment options that may be right for you.More »
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After AnneMarie's third treatment she said, " I'm done. I'm not doing this anymore." Learn what got her and other patients through their toughest parts of treatment.
Last Modified: 2012-11-20 | Tags »
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You can't always avoid cancer, but sometimes you can lower your risk factors for cancer. Learn about what you can, and can't, control, in this video.
Transcript: Anyone can develop cancer, and many people do. Some form of this disease is likely to affect one-third...
Anyone can develop cancer, and many people do. Some form of this disease is likely to affect one-third of American women and one-half of American men in their lifetimes. Cancer stems from genetic mutations in the body's DNA. The result is the rapid growth of unhealthy cancerous cells in the body. If left undiagnosed, or if treatment fails, these cells can migrate, or spread, to vital organs. The result can be severe illness or even death. Cancer-causing DNA mutations occur for a variety of reasons, some of them uncontrollable.For example, more than 75 percent of new cases are diagnosed in people who are 55 years of age and older. Heredity plays a role in 10 percent of cancers, whereby a mutation is passed from one generation to the next. Prostate cancer in men, and breast cancer in women, are especially likely to be hereditary. Perhaps 15 percent of cancers stem from viral infection. Notably, the human papillomavirus, or HPV, is a sexually transmitted virus that can result in genital warts or cervical cancer. Another STD, hepatitis B, can lead to the development of liver cancer. In addition, HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can lead to several potentially deadly cancers such as Kaposi's sarcoma or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, having protected sex, and engaging in intercourse with a limited number of partners can help reduce the risk of contracting cancer-causing viruses. Even better, some cancer risk factors ARE controllable, like the use of tobacco products. Last year, more than one-third of cancer-related deaths were from lung cancer. Another third of cancer-related deaths, such as those from thyroid and colon, may have been preventable by engaging in certain healthy lifestyle choices, like regular exercise and excellent nutrition. In addition, the one million cases of skin cancer which are diagnosed each year are often related to overexposure to the sun's rays. Even one's environment can lead to cancer. Children and spouses of smokers, for example, are much more likely to develop lung cancer. Chemicals like asbestos can still be found in some workplaces and homes and can lead to cancer of the lung, kidneys, and larynx. While these factors are very real, a number of myths regarding cancer abound. These so-called risk factors actually have no bearing on the development of cancer. For example, there's no conclusive evidence that using underarm deodorant causes breast cancer, or that microwaving plastic containers or wraps releases cancer-causing toxins. Even more importantly, cancer is NOT contagious, which means you can not catch it from spending time with someone else. That's good news, because with the millions of new cancer cases diagnosed each year, you probably know someone with the disease. Although many cancers are not preventable, some, such as cervical, breast and prostate can be slowed or even eradicated with early detection. For this reason, people with multiple risk factors should talk to their doctors about regular screening.More »
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Over a million people are diagnosed with cancer every year. Understand cancer better and you may minimize your risk and cope with it better if you or a loved one is diagnosed with it.
Transcript: This year in the United States, 1.4 million people will be diagnosed with cancer, a group of diseases...
This year in the United States, 1.4 million people will be diagnosed with cancer, a group of diseases characterized by abnormal cell growth in the body. To understand the effect of these abnormal cells, it helps to look first at how healthy cells function. Each of us is made up of millions of cells, the "building blocks" of the body. Cells make up tissue, and tissue comprises organs. Healthy cells grow in a controlled way, living for a period and then dying naturally. When a cell dies, the body replaces it with another. A set of "instructions" are located in the body's DNA that tell each cell how to complete this life process. Sometimes, however, mutations occur in parts of a cell's DNA. The result can be the formation of harmful, cancerous cells which grow in an uncontrolled manner. This initial mutation can occur from within the body; for example, as a hereditary trait, or as the result of an invading virus. Or, the mutation can be the result of external factors, such as chemicals, tobacco, or radiation from the sun. Whatever the cause of DNA mutation, once it occurs, cancerous cells often begin to grow and divide at a very rapid rate. This can lead to a built-up mass of cells known as a tumor. Sometimes a tumor will be benign, meaning that it remains self-contained. Other tumors are malignant, or cancerous, and actually attract their own blood supply. This means that the body unwittingly provides the nutrients and oxygen that a tumor needs to grow. Cancer becomes more serious when cells break away from a malignant tumor and metastasize, or spread, through the bloodstream or lymphatic system, to either adjacent or distant organs. The lymphatic system is one of the body's first defenses against disease. It includes the bone marrow, spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and lymphatic vessels, which are tubes that carry infection-fighting white blood cells. Some severe cancers, like lymphoma, actually FORM in the lymphatic system and therefore do not manifest as tumors. Regardless of the type of cancer, if malignant cells are carried to vital organs in the body and settle there, the result can be death. Although cancer can spread, its classification is based on the area where the malignant cells originated. For example, breast cancer, one of the most common forms in women, begins with mutations in the breast. Similarly, the most common form in men, prostate cancer, originates in that gland. No matter the type of cancer, however, its diagnosis is NOT necessarily a death sentence! Today, early detection and advanced treatment methods make the prognosis for people with cancer better than ever before. Cancer can be curable, but it is still the second leading cause of death in the United States. If you are concerned about this disease, make an appointment with your doctor to discuss screening.More »
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Millions of Americans are diagnosed with cancer every year. But cancer treatment today offers hope for a better future, in many cases. To learn more about cancer treatment, watch this video.
Transcript: There are more than 10 million Americans who have undergone some form of cancer treatment. The goal of...
There are more than 10 million Americans who have undergone some form of cancer treatment. The goal of this treatment is always the same: Remove all cancer with minimal damage to the rest of the body. Still, no two treatment programs are identical. Each takes the location and severity of the cancer into account. In addition, the mental and physical state of the patient is considered. One method for treating cancer is surgical excision, or removal of the cancer from the affected area. A mastectomy for removing breast cancer is a common example. While surgery can be effective, its usefulness is limited once a cancer has begun to metastasize, or spread, to other areas of the bodyIn addition, surgery is not an option for people with leukemia and lymphoma, which originate in the bone marrow and lympathic system, respectively, and therefore do not manifest as tumors. For people whose cancers have spread, or who have one of these blood cancers, radiation therapy may be used to kill the cancer cells. This method uses ionizing radiation, a form of treatment that destroys the genetic make-up, or DNA, of the cells in the target treatment area. The downside to radiation is that it also destroys some healthy cells in the body. However, the majority of these are usually able to recover from the treatments, while targeted cancerous cells, which are not native to the body, ARE destroyed. Perhaps the most well known form of cancer treatment is chemotherapy, which involves taking a high-dosage of prescription medication to kill cancer cells. Because cancer cells divide and multiply at very rapid rates, these cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs target all cells that behave in this manner. The downside is that chemotherapeutics have the potential to harm healthy tissue with a naturally high replacement rate, such as those found in the intestinal lining. There are other methods of treating and eradicating cancer, many of which are undergoing intensive research by medical scientists. Among them are immunotherapy, which induces the patient's own immune system to fight invading cancer cells, and hormonal therapy, which inhibits the growth of hormone-sensitive tumors, such as those in prostate cancer. In addition, alternative treatments, like yoga, acupuncture, meditation, and visual imagery have become very popular with come cancer patients. In some cases, cancer cannot be eradicated, and, as an alternative to treating the disease, the pain of cancer is treated. Pain medication is also used to curb the side-effects of aggressive chemotherapy or radiation. Some common medications used for this purpose are morphine and oxycodone, or OxyContin, both of which ease pain and suppress nausea and vomiting. These improve a patient's quality of life, and are therefore an invaluable part of some cancer treatment programs. This year, 1.4 million Americans will be diagnosed with some form of cancer. If you or a loved one are among them, speak to your doctor in detail about the treatment options that may be right for you.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-26 | Tags »
cancer, treatment, therapy, chemotherapy, chemo, radiation, surgery, invasive procedure, noninvasice procedure, cancer type, malignant, how is cancer treated, cancer treatments, treating cancer mastectomy, surgical excision, ionizing radiation, cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs, yoga, acupuncture, meditation, visual imagery conditions, cancer
Although chemotherapy is the most common treatment for cancer, there are some side effects involved. Watch this video to learn more.
Transcript: For many, chemotherapy is the best treatment option for cancer. That said, people facing chemotherapy...
For many, chemotherapy is the best treatment option for cancer. That said, people facing chemotherapy are understandably concerned about side effects. The nausea, vomiting, hair loss, fatigue and lowered white blood cell count associated with chemo can range from temporary and minor, to uncomfortable and even life-threatening. In general, chemotherapy is effective at killing cancer cells, but it doesn't distinguish between cancer cells and healthy, growing cells... which may lead to side effects. So what should you expect? For starters, chemotherapy causes hair loss over the entire body, which is usually temporary. It may affect bone marrow cells, causing fatigue, bruising and bleeding, as well as increased vulnerability to infection. Skin cells may be affected too, meaning dryness, while dry mouth or oral sores can also occur. Because cells in the stomach and intestines may be affected, bouts of nausea, vomiting or diarrhea should be expected. The good news is that drugs can be used to combat those symptoms. Many wonder if chemotherapy impacts fertility. The short answer is that chemotherapy may inhibit normal ovary function, either temporarily or permanently, but that depends on the type of drugs prescribed. Even if menstruation stops during treatment, the ovaries may still produce eggs. Certain chemotherapy drugs are believed to increase the risk of male infertility. If you are male and concerned about this, storing sperm in a sperm bank prior to treatment may be worth exploring. It's not uncommon for sexual desire to wax and wane depending on where you're at in the treatment cycle, too. Because of its impact on female hormones, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, and premature menopause may happen. Dangerous side effects that require a call to the doctor include a fever higher than 100.5, shaking or chills, vomiting that continues more than 48 hours following treatment, bleeding or bruising, frequent or painful urination, blood in urine or stools, or severe constipation or diarrhea. Other red flags include shortness of breath, chest pain, irregular or rapid heartbeat, intense fatigue, mouth sores and dizziness, as well as soreness, swelling and pus or drainage at the catheter location. Talk to your doctor about any other medications you take. Everyone reacts to chemotherapy differently, depending on type and combination of drugs used, and overall health and fitness. Your doctor can address any additional chemotherapy-related questions or concerns.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
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