Exercise & Diabetes: Staying Safe
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You can exercise with diabetes, you just need to watch your blood sugar level closely. Learn how to exercise with diabetes safely in this video!
Transcript: Physical activity helps regulate blood sugar AND blood pressure, IMPROVES your body's ability to use...
Physical activity helps regulate blood sugar AND blood pressure, IMPROVES your body's ability to use insulin, REDUCES bad cholesterol levels, and helps you LOSE weight. But before you get moving, ask your doctor what sort of exercise is safe for YOU. If you're not in shape, start out SLOWLY. Try taking a walk or a swim in a pool, and then INCREASE the intensity as your doctor recommends. And if you have vision problems or other diabetes-related complications make sure that increased blood pressure during exercise won't cause further damage. People with diabetic neuropathy need to work with a physical therapist to determine what is safe AND possible. And everyone with diabetes, even if you're in TIP-TOP shape, has to be careful not to trigger hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, while exercising. You can develop it if you take your normal dose of medication or insulin AND burn up available blood sugar through physical activity. You may also have a low if you SKIP a meal and then exercise. Your doctor can help you figure out how to adjust your medication and diet to avoid problems. Remember, take a glucose reading BEFORE exercise. If your blood sugar reading is 300 or higher OR 100 or lower, don't start exercising. Also take a reading right after you're done, and LATER ON. Exercise can lower blood sugar for up to 12 hours. Also check your glucose DURING exercise if you're active for longer than 45 minutes. Once you're ready for exercise, take along snacks in case you become hypoglycemic and drink PLENTY of water. Check out the other videos on diabetes to learn more.More »
Last Modified: 2014-04-09 | Tags »
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When do people with type 2 diabetes start taking insulin? Watch this video to get details on insulin injections and type 2 diabetes.
Transcript: Type 2 diabetics can go YEARS without taking insulin if their healthy lifestyle and oral diabetes medications...
Type 2 diabetics can go YEARS without taking insulin if their healthy lifestyle and oral diabetes medications control blood glucose levels. But when insulin production SLOWS down or you can't control rising glucose levels, your doctor may start you on insulin injections. Taking that step can be upsetting-maybe you're scared of needles, or you might feel that it's a sign that you have somehow failed to take care of yourself. But moving from oral medications to insulin is not a sure sign of trouble ahead. Insulin actually gives you MORE control over your glucose levels and may reduce the risk of developing diabetes complications such as HEART disease, neuropathy, and BLINDNESS. More and more frequently, doctors are prescribing insulin EARLY on, to improve your lifetime health outcome. You may take it alone or alongside your diabetes medications. And if you work HARD at dieting, exercising, and losing weight, you may be able to ELIMINATE or reduce your need for insulin. Other type 2 diabetics only need to take insulin TEMPORARILY because of pregnancy, broken bones, cancer treatment, or surgery.More »
Last Modified: 2015-11-17 | Tags »
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Every diabetics should be able to identify the symptoms of hypoglycemia-- getting treatment early will help avoid dangerous complications. Watch this video to learn more.
Transcript: Symptoms include CRANKINESS, aggressiveness, NERVOUESNESS, blurry vision, FAST heartbeat, headache, TINGLING...
Symptoms include CRANKINESS, aggressiveness, NERVOUESNESS, blurry vision, FAST heartbeat, headache, TINGLING skin, tiredness, CONFUSED thinking, hunger, SWEATING, and shaking. In severe cases, a person can fall into a life-threatening coma. If you have any of those symptoms, you MUST test your blood sugar level immediately. A blood sugar reading of 70 milligrams per deciliter or lower is considered hypoglycemic. If you don't have a glucose meter on hand, it's better to be SAFE and treat your low blood sugar with a drink of juice or an injection of glucagon.More »
Last Modified: 2013-05-23 | Tags »
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Have you ever wondered what makes someone more prone to type 2 diabetes? Check out this video to learn how people get type 2 diabetes.
Transcript: "How Do You Get Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of a genetic predisposition...
"How Do You Get Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of a genetic predisposition and unhealthy lifestyle habits. If you have a parent or sibling who has diabetes, you're much more likely to develop it-and studies show that's not just because you learn bad habits at home. Ethnicity is also a factor. 14.7 percent of all African Americans age 20 years and older have type 2. 9.8 percent of Caucasian Americans and 9.5 percent of Hispanic/Latino Americans do too. REGARDLESS of your background, if you're OVERWEIGHT AND INACTIVE you can become resistant to insulin, a hormone that lets your cells absorb glucose from the bloodstream to use for fuel. That makes blood sugar levels rise. Initially, you may develop PREdiabetes-this is a stage when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. Finding THIS out lets you take charge of your health so that you can PREVENT type 2 from developing or SLOW its progress so you can avoid the most serious complications. If you don't take charge early-your chances of progressing from PREdiabetes to type 2 are about 30% over the next five years-and even greater after that. Fortunately, losing just 7% of your body weight and exercising for 30 minutes a day can cut your risk of full-blown type 2 by 58%. So talk to your doctor about getting a blood test. If your glucose levels are elevated, take ACTION NOW to get them under control. "More »
Last Modified: 2015-02-05 | Tags »
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One of the more common conditions during pregnancy is gestational diabetes. If you don’t know too much about the condition, you can use this video s a guide to understanding gestational diabetes.
Transcript: Every year in the United States, 135,000, or 5 percent, of pregnant women are diagnosed with gestational...
Every year in the United States, 135,000, or 5 percent, of pregnant women are diagnosed with gestational diabetes. To help reduce the confusion that often follows, keep watching! Gestational diabetes occurs when a woman's hormones reduce the effectiveness of her insulin. This happens only in pregnant women and is usually diagnosed between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. Let's look at how gestational diabetes develops. During pregnancy, the baby's nutrient center, the placenta, produces hormones like estrogen and cortisol that are vital to a child's development. In the last trimesters, the placenta secretes even more of these hormones to help your baby grow. Unfortunately, these pregnancy hormones can sometimes reduce the effectiveness of the mother's insulin. Without adequate insulin, blood sugar rises, resulting in the condition known as gestational diabetes. If left untreated, gestational diabetes can result in high birth weight, low blood sugar, or respiratory difficulties in your baby. Because gestational diabetes has no discernable symptoms, it's important to know if you are a high risk candidate for developing the disease. Most often, gestational diabetes occurs in women who are over 25, have a family history of type 2 diabetes, a previous history of gestational diabetes, are of non-Caucasian descent or who were overweight prior to pregnancy. If you are a high-risk candidate for developing gestational diabetes, your doctor will screen you by giving you a glucose challenge test. This involves drinking a sugary beverage and measuring blood sugar levels afterward. Levels above 140 mg/dl are considered gestational-positive. If you have gestational diabetes, you will need to monitor your blood glucose levels several times a day to keep you and your baby healthy during pregnancy. Here are some simple ways to keep blood glucose normal. Gentle exercise, like brisk walking or swimming, is essential for women with gestational diabetes. But please ask your doctor before starting any exercise regimen while pregnant. It is also important for women with gestational diabetes to eat a healthy variety of foods. A dietician can help plan meals that are low in simple sugars and carbohydrates. Usually, regular exercise and a healthy diet will effectively treat gestational diabetes. If blood sugar remains high however, a doctor may recommend medications or insulin injections to help regulate glucose. After a mother delivers, her hormones return to normal levels and gestational diabetes usually goes away. She should still have a blood glucose test after pregnancy, to be sure that her sugar has indeed returned to the proper range. Women who develop gestational diabetes in pregnancy are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future, so they need to be tested periodically throughout their lives. They also need to be diligent to lose excess body weight after delivery. If you are pregnant, ask your doctor about getting tested for gestational diabetes. Doing so will help ensure a healthy pregnancy for you and a healthy start for your child.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-15 | Tags »
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If you've ever wanted to try Alli for weight loss it's important to get the facts on this weight loss pill. Watch this video to find out more.
Transcript: Youve probably been hearing a lot of buzz about alli, the first over-the-counter, FDA approved weight...
Youve probably been hearing a lot of buzz about alli, the first over-the-counter, FDA approved weight loss pill. So whats the real deal with alli? alli is a weight loss aid that blocks the absorption of up to 25 percent of the fat you consume. Although its only been on the market since June of 2007, alli is not new. In fact, alli is actually a lower dose of the prescription drug orlistat, which has been marketed under the name Xenical since 1999. Although Xenical is available in 120 milligram capsules and alli is sold in 60 milligram doses, the method of action of these lipase inhibitors is the same. But to understand how the drug works, lets first take a look at the digestive process. When you eat, enzymes in your intestines break down fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Fat calories are then stored in the body to be used as energy. When you eat more calories than you need, you hold on to this extra fat, resulting in weight gain. alli promotes weight loss by attaching to the enzymes that break down fat, preventing up to a quarter of the fat consumed from being digested. Because undigested fat cant be absorbed and stored, it passes out of the body in your bowel movement. Although alli is sold as an over-the-counter medication, it is only approved for use by overweight individuals who are over the age of 18. GlaxoSmithKline, the manufacturers of alli, call the pill a comprehensive program, and recommend that it be combined with a low-fat, low-calorie diet and a healthy exercise plan. When you purchase alliusually for about $50 a monthyou have the option of visiting the companys website. There, you can register as a user and receive a customized exercise and eating plan. A big part of the eating plan is keeping fat to less than 15 grams per meal. Although alli does block some fat, eating too much while on the program can result in side effects. alli sounds great, but people experience negative effects, like hard to control or loose stools and gas with oily spotting. This medication can reduce the absorption of some important vitamins, resulting in deficiencies in the long run. For this reason, it is recommended to take a multivitamin once a day at bedtime while using alli. In addition, women who are pregnant or breast feeding, people who have had organ transplants, those who have trouble absorbing food and people taking cyclosporine should all avoid alli. People who arent overweight or obese should also avoid this medication. Although alli can increase weight loss by up to 50 percent more than dieting alone, it should always be combined with a healthy diet and a regular exercise plan. As the first weight-loss medication to be approved for over-the-counter use, alli has received more than just 15 minutes of fame! Still, its very important to talk to your doctor before taking this medication, or beginning any diet or exercise program.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
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Diabetes is a complicated, lifelong condition. Understanding diabetes symptoms, treatments and prevention will help clear up some misconceptions.
Transcript: An estimated 20 million Americans live with diabetes-that's 6 percent of the population! But what exactly...
An estimated 20 million Americans live with diabetes-that's 6 percent of the population! But what exactly is diabetes. Diabetes is a relatively common metabolic disorder that affects the way the body uses food for energy and growth. The food we consume is converted into glucose, or simple sugar, which enters the bloodstream as a source of fuel. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps regulate the level of glucose in the blood and how glucose is used. People with diabetes, however, experience insulin failure, resulting in elevated levels of blood sugar. This causes both the short term symptoms of diabetes-like excessive thirst-and, often, damages the body's organs in the long term. The way in which insulin fails determines how a diabetic is classified. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common, making up 90 to 95 percent of new cases of diabetes. Thomas Edison may be best known for inventing the light bulb, but the Wizard of Menlo Park was also a member of the large Type 2 diabetic population. Due to insulin resistance-a condition related to excess body fat-Type 2 diabetes usually develops in obese people. This condition occurs when a normal amount of insulin no longer suffices, causing blood sugar to rise.The pancreas responds by making extra insulin to lower the sugar. Diabetes results when the pancreas can't keep up. Other times, Type 2 diabetics just stop producing enough insulin with a similar result. 1. Type 2 diabetes usually arises in people who are at least twenty pounds overweight and over forty years old. 2. A family history of diabetes plays a large role, 3. as does ethnicity, with most cases occurring among Native American, Hispanic and African American descent. In contrast to the frequency of Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes makes up only 5 to 10 percent of new cases. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body's immune system gets confused and starts to destroy the cells that produce insulin. In response, the pancreas stops making insulin altogether. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily, yet the injections don't hold them back from leading full lives. Just ask Type 1 diabetic Halle Barry, who has an Emmy, a Golden Globe and an Academy Award under her belt. Type 1 diabetes was once known as "juvenile diabetes," since it's usually diagnosed in people under twenty. Type 1 diabetics are frequently Caucasian. The third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, occurs in 7 percent of pregnancies, probably because pregnancy hormones reduce receptiveness to insulin. Women are more likely to contract gestational diabetes if they have a family or personal history of diabetes, or if they are of non-Caucasian ethnicity. Although diabetes is currently incurable, there are a number of treatments that can allow diabetics to live healthy, normal lives. Remember, diabetes can't be self-diagnosed, so please see a doctor if you have a family history of the disease or concerns about your health.More »
Last Modified: 2014-04-09 | Tags »
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The symptoms of diabetes are often silent. Basic signs like fatigue can be an indicator. Learn more about signs of type 2 diabetes.
Transcript: An estimated one third of people living with diabetes have no idea that they have it! Avoid being one...
An estimated one third of people living with diabetes have no idea that they have it! Avoid being one of them by knowing what to watch out for. The symptoms of diabetes are often subtle-like mild fatigue or minute weight loss-so the first line of defense against remaining undiagnosed is knowledge. Being aware of your family's medical history and your risk level is imperative to the early detection of diabetes. Had blues legend and diabetic B.B. King known his family's history, he might have been better able to manage the disease that kept him tired and weak for years. When King was finally diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in his early 60s, the musician realized that the deaths of his mother, father, sister and niece were all due to untreated diabetes. Knowledge of your family's history of diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure may help you avoid a late diagnosis and illness like B.B. King's. A. If these complications are in your background, or if B. you are overweight, understand your risk for developing diabetes is greater. It's also important to be aware of the symptoms that are detectable in the early stages of diabetes. The signs of Type 1 diabetes usually develop over just a few days, due to hyperglycemia, a rapid rise in glucose. Type 1 diabetics often complain of excessive thirst or hunger, sometimes accompanied by a dry mouth. Despite an increase in appetite, Type 1 diabetics often lose significant amounts of weight very quickly. Other symptoms include the need to urinate frequently, blurry vision or increased fatigue. Unlike people with Type 1 diabetes, those who develop Type 2 diabetes do so gradually, with minor-and sometimes no-symptoms that crop up over long periods of time. Often, they are not even diagnosed until after the complications of the disease occur. People who develop Type 2 diabetes may experience numbness or tingling in their hands and feet, sores that take a long time to heal or blurry vision. Women may contact frequent yeast infections, while some males complain of unforeseen impotency. Prior to the onset of Type 2 diabetes, many people develop a symptom-free condition called pre-diabetes. This occurs when glucose levels are elevated, but not yet high enough to be considered full-blown Type 2 diabetes. Because pre-diabetes has no discernible symptoms, it's important to get tested for the disease if you have a family history of diabetes or if you're overweight. People of non-Caucasian descent are also more likely to develop pre-diabetes. The symptoms of diabetes are subtle and sometimes don't seem serious, but the long-term ramifications are severe. Luckily, early detection and treatment can prevent organ damage.If you experience any of the symptoms outlined in this video or if you are a high-risk candidate for developing diabetes, see your doctor for a blood glucose test.More »
Last Modified: 2015-10-15 | Tags »
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The consequences of diabetes may be fatal if the condition is left uncontrolled. Watch this video to learn more about the effects of diabetes.
Transcript: Diabetes is currently the fifth deadliest disease in the United States, claiming the lives of almost...
Diabetes is currently the fifth deadliest disease in the United States, claiming the lives of almost two-thirds of all diabetics. Because so many diabetics are not diagnosed until after a life threatening complication arises, the death rate from diabetes is staggering. In fact, diabetes has taken the lives of some of America's most beloved icons. In her glory days, Ella Fitzgerald was one of the most recognizable voices in America. The "First Lady of Song" had a recording career like none other, winning 13 Grammy Awards over an astounding 57 years. Sadly, the songstress was diagnosed very late in life with Type 2 diabetes and underwent quintuple coronary bypass surgery as a result. Ella's diabetes also caused her failing eyesight and the amputation of both her legs below the knees. Unfortunately, the complications that Ella suffered are not rare. Left untreated, or treated incorrectly, diabetes can lead to a combination of serious and life-threatening effects. A complete list of diabetic side-effects can be overwhelming. Sometimes, it helps to look at each individually to understand why diabetes causes the complications it does. Up to 73 percent of diabetics experience high blood pressure, which means that their hearts have to work extra hard to move blood through their bodies. As a result, blood can get blocked or stopped, resulting in a heart attack or stroke. Although diabetes does not cause high blood pressure, having the disease makes it more likely that you will also have this condition. Some complications of diabetes are not life threatening, but still serious. For example, because diabetes can affect blood flow to the genitals, men with the disease occasionally experience erectile dysfunction while diabetic women can battle low sex drives and vaginal dryness. A. Diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the eyes and is the current leading cause of blindness in people over twenty. B. Additionally, the excess blood sugar found in a diabetic's mouth doubles the odds that he will develop periodontal disease. Diabetics can also suffer from poor blood flow in their limbs, which may lead to nerve damage. In extreme cases, this can result in lower limb amputations, like Ella Fitzgerald's. A. Other minor complications of diabetes include wounds that take too long to heal, B. numbness or tingling in the appendages, C. and bladder infections. But, with early diagnosis and treatment, these consequences can be avoided.If you do think you may have diabetes, seek treatment from a health care professional immediately.More »
Last Modified: 2013-09-27 | Tags »
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If you have type 1 diabetes, you'll have to administer insulin on a regular basis. Learn more about this type 1 diabetes treatment here.
Transcript: If you've been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, you'll need to administer insulin daily. Insulin therapy...
If you've been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, you'll need to administer insulin daily. Insulin therapy is life-changing, but necessary for Type 1 diabetics. Type 1 diabetics don't produce the insulin necessary to move blood sugar through their bodies. Because of this, they must manually inject this vital hormone. After being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, it is natural to have questions about insulin therapy. As a child, mountaineer Will Cross felt that his diabetes diagnosis meant that he could never pursue his "high" aspirations. But after getting used to his daily injections, Will began climbing again, and in 2005, he became the first diabetic to scale Mount Everest. Let's begin by looking at why daily insulin is necessary for type 1 diabetics. People become type 1 diabetics when their immune systems start to destroy the beta cells that make insulin. Because of this, the pancreas can no longer produce this essential hormone. To combat this shortage, insulin needs to be administered in a manner that mimics the secretion of the pancreas. Since every diabetic has different lifestyle patterns, your doctor will choose from a variety of insulin types and injection methods to treat your diabetes. Insulin comes in a variety of forms, from long-lasting to briefly intense. That is why your doctor might suggest a combination of insulin. For example, a patient could take a dose of insulin, like NPH, in the morning and evening as well as injections of a intermediate-acting variety, like Humalog, before meals. Whatever forms of insulin are used, there are three FDA approved ways to administer it. A. The most common delivery method is the pre-filled insulin pen. B The pen-sized device holds an insulin cartridge, C. which is administered by a needle that penetrates just under the skin. D. Some pens are disposable while others require a replacement needle and cartridge after each injection. Although the pre-filled pen is a great method for many diabetics, some people dislike injections and may prefer an insulin pump. A. An insulin pump is a device about the size of a pager that is worn outside of the body. B. It has a tube that connects the insulin to a cannula inserted into the abdomen. C. The pump then dispenses a programmed amount of insulin into the body through the cannula. The third and newest form of insulin on the market is called Exubera. This delivery method is inhailed into the lungs through a device that looks like an asthmatic's pump. 1. Inhaled insulin comes in dry blister packs that are inserted into an inhalation device. 2. Since this method is fast acting, but short lasting, it may be best to use it in conjunction with an all-day insulin. No matter what delivery system is used, it is important to be vigilant in taking your insulin. If you're not comfortable with your current insulin plan, discuss alternatives with your doctor.More »
Last Modified: 2015-12-15 | Tags »
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If you have type 2 diabetes you will have to take medication. Check out our video to learn in detail about type 2 diabetes treatments.
Transcript: The treatment of Type 2 diabetes usually includes oral medication. But with so many choices out there,...
The treatment of Type 2 diabetes usually includes oral medication. But with so many choices out there, it can help to know how these prescription drugs operate. There are two kinds of Type 2 diabetics-people who produce too little insulin and people who produce too much. Medications take these distinctions into account, and prescriptions are available to treat both types of insulin failure. Diabetics who have become resistant to their own insulin can choose from several different types of medication to combat this difficulty. One type of medication controls insulin resistance by decreasing glucose production. The most common, metformin, is also available under the brand name Glucophage. When Sopranos star Aida Turturro was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, she began taking metformin to decrease her overactive glucose production. Aida's energy and health quickly skyrocketed and she went on to earn an Emmy nod! In contrast, the second group of type 2 diabetics don't produce enough insulin. When this happens, a doctor will prescribe one of two types of medication that increase the output of insulin by the pancreas. 1. The first type of drugs that increase insulin output can last for an entire day. 2. The most commonly used, glyburide is also sold under the brand name Glucotrol. The second group of these drugs mimics the natural action of the pancreas and takes an hour to reach maximum efficacy. Available as generic drugs and under the brand names Prandin and Starlix, this group is somewhat less effective and is therefore used more infrequently. Some type 2 diabetics take insulin injections in addition to their daily medication. These individuals may benefit from taking their medication in injectable form. Symlin and Byetta are just such medications, which can help patients being treated with insulin improve their glycemic control. Both Symlin and Byetta are taken in injection form prior to meals and may also help patients to lose weight. Each of these medications, or combinations of them, can be extremely helpful for lowering blood sugar. However, it is important to talk to your doctor about the dosage, cost and possible side effects of each. Not every medication is ideal for every diabetic, so be sure to follow Aida Turtturo's example and work with your physician to find the optimal regimen for you.More »
Last Modified: 2015-10-27 | Tags »
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A diabetes diagnosis is the first step towards effective treatment. Check out this video to learn what will happen in your doctor's appointment.
Transcript: When you or your child has diabetes, it's important to receive good medical care-but that first doctor's...
When you or your child has diabetes, it's important to receive good medical care-but that first doctor's visit can be a little overwhelming! What should you expect? No matter your age or the type of diabetes you have been diagnosed with, your physician will have a clear goal for the first visit: To bring your blood glucose down to a normal level. Plan to work closely with your doctor to bring your sugar down to between 90 and 130 milligrams per deciliter before meals. A. To prepare for your appointment, you'll want to bring some basic items, B. including all the medications you take regularly. C. If you have already begun testing glucose levels, D. take your test notes and your glucose monitor. It will help to have a notepad and pen for jotting down questions during your visit. Don't hesitate to ask you are doctor if you're confused or concerned about any aspect of your diabetes! A. Whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, your doctor will begin by taking a detailed medical history. B. Be ready to answer questions about past illnesses, family health, and your eating and exercise habits. C. If your child has diabetes, D. you might want to consider going over this at an earlier visit without him there. Next, your doctor will perform a routine physical examination. Feel reassured that this will be much like a standard check-up. Following the examination, you will need to give your blood and urine samples. These will assess your levels of cholesterol, fat, blood glucose and urine protein. A painless electrocardiogram, or EKG, may be administered to check the heart. At the end of your visit, your doctor will create a diabetes care plan to effectively manage the disease. This individualized plan should take into account your daily schedule, eating and exercise habits, and cultural background.. A. Your plan should detail the medications you will need to lower your blood glucose and the B. tools you will use to measure your sugar levels, like a glucose meter. The plan will also lay out lifestyle changes you may need to make, 1. like adopting healthier eating habits, 2. taking up exercise, or cutting out cigarettes Your doctor may want to refer you to other individuals who will aid you with specialized aspects of treating diabetes. These people will become part of your treatment team. Your team might include: A dietician to help you devise an effective eating plan, a registered nurse to teach you about daily living with diabetes, and, perhaps, a psychologist to help you cope with the emotional aspects of living with a lifelong disease. Expect to schedule subsequent visits every three to six months, although you may need more frequent appointments in the beginning. By working closely with your doctor, you will be able to control your sugar and return to health!More »
Last Modified: 2015-10-15 | Tags »
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