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A diabetes diagnosis is the first step towards effective treatment. Check out this video to learn what will happen in your doctor's appointment.
Transcript: When you or your child has diabetes, it's important to receive good medical care-but that first doctor's...
When you or your child has diabetes, it's important to receive good medical care-but that first doctor's visit can be a little overwhelming! What should you expect? No matter your age or the type of diabetes you have been diagnosed with, your physician will have a clear goal for the first visit: To bring your blood glucose down to a normal level. Plan to work closely with your doctor to bring your sugar down to between 90 and 130 milligrams per deciliter before meals. A. To prepare for your appointment, you'll want to bring some basic items, B. including all the medications you take regularly. C. If you have already begun testing glucose levels, D. take your test notes and your glucose monitor. It will help to have a notepad and pen for jotting down questions during your visit. Don't hesitate to ask you are doctor if you're confused or concerned about any aspect of your diabetes! A. Whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, your doctor will begin by taking a detailed medical history. B. Be ready to answer questions about past illnesses, family health, and your eating and exercise habits. C. If your child has diabetes, D. you might want to consider going over this at an earlier visit without him there. Next, your doctor will perform a routine physical examination. Feel reassured that this will be much like a standard check-up. Following the examination, you will need to give your blood and urine samples. These will assess your levels of cholesterol, fat, blood glucose and urine protein. A painless electrocardiogram, or EKG, may be administered to check the heart. At the end of your visit, your doctor will create a diabetes care plan to effectively manage the disease. This individualized plan should take into account your daily schedule, eating and exercise habits, and cultural background.. A. Your plan should detail the medications you will need to lower your blood glucose and the B. tools you will use to measure your sugar levels, like a glucose meter. The plan will also lay out lifestyle changes you may need to make, 1. like adopting healthier eating habits, 2. taking up exercise, or cutting out cigarettes Your doctor may want to refer you to other individuals who will aid you with specialized aspects of treating diabetes. These people will become part of your treatment team. Your team might include: A dietician to help you devise an effective eating plan, a registered nurse to teach you about daily living with diabetes, and, perhaps, a psychologist to help you cope with the emotional aspects of living with a lifelong disease. Expect to schedule subsequent visits every three to six months, although you may need more frequent appointments in the beginning. By working closely with your doctor, you will be able to control your sugar and return to health!More »
Last Modified: 2013-07-08 | Tags »
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Gestational diabetes testing is recommended for all expectant mothers. Left untreated, the condition may cause harm to both mother and child. Watch this video to learn more about gestational diabetes testing.
Transcript: Between 2 and 5 percent of all pregnant women get gestational diabetes, which is why all pregnant women...
Between 2 and 5 percent of all pregnant women get gestational diabetes, which is why all pregnant women should get screened for it. Gestational diabetes occurs when a woman's hormones reduce the effectiveness of her insulin, which causes high blood sugar. This happens only in pregnant women and is usually diagnosed between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. If left untreated, gestational diabetes can result in high birth weight, low blood sugar, or respiratory difficulties in your baby. There is an entire video dedicated to explaining gestational diabetes, its potential consequences, and how to manage the illness, if you'd like to learn more about the condition itself. Because gestational diabetes has no discernable symptoms, it's important that every pregnant woman screen for the illness. To screen for the condition, your doctor will perform an oral glucose intolerance test, also known as a glucose challenge test. The test requires you to drink a very sugary liquid in about five minutes. One hour later, a blood sample will be taken to determine if your glucose levels are high enough to signal the possible presence of gestational diabetes. A positive result on this test - glucose levels above 140 milligrams per deciliter - does not mean that you necessarily have gestational diabetes. What it does mean, however, is that it is likely that you do, and that you'll have to undergo another test, called a glucose tolerance test. This screening requires you to drink a larger concentration of the glucose solution, and then have your blood tested every hour for three hours. If this test comes back positive, you do have gestational diabetes and will have to adjust your pregnancy diet accordingly. Luckily, the condition is entirely controllable, and, when taken care of, will cause no harm to your baby. You can find additional information on how to manage gestational diabetes in other videos on Pregnancy Health Guru dot com.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-04 | Tags »
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One of the more common conditions during pregnancy is gestational diabetes. If you don’t know too much about the condition, you can use this video s a guide to understanding gestational diabetes.
Transcript: Every year in the United States, 135,000, or 5 percent, of pregnant women are diagnosed with gestational...
Every year in the United States, 135,000, or 5 percent, of pregnant women are diagnosed with gestational diabetes. To help reduce the confusion that often follows, keep watching! Gestational diabetes occurs when a woman's hormones reduce the effectiveness of her insulin. This happens only in pregnant women and is usually diagnosed between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. Let's look at how gestational diabetes develops. During pregnancy, the baby's nutrient center, the placenta, produces hormones like estrogen and cortisol that are vital to a child's development. In the last trimesters, the placenta secretes even more of these hormones to help your baby grow. Unfortunately, these pregnancy hormones can sometimes reduce the effectiveness of the mother's insulin. Without adequate insulin, blood sugar rises, resulting in the condition known as gestational diabetes. If left untreated, gestational diabetes can result in high birth weight, low blood sugar, or respiratory difficulties in your baby. Because gestational diabetes has no discernable symptoms, it's important to know if you are a high risk candidate for developing the disease. Most often, gestational diabetes occurs in women who are over 25, have a family history of type 2 diabetes, a previous history of gestational diabetes, are of non-Caucasian descent or who were overweight prior to pregnancy. If you are a high-risk candidate for developing gestational diabetes, your doctor will screen you by giving you a glucose challenge test. This involves drinking a sugary beverage and measuring blood sugar levels afterward. Levels above 140 mg/dl are considered gestational-positive. If you have gestational diabetes, you will need to monitor your blood glucose levels several times a day to keep you and your baby healthy during pregnancy. Here are some simple ways to keep blood glucose normal. Gentle exercise, like brisk walking or swimming, is essential for women with gestational diabetes. But please ask your doctor before starting any exercise regimen while pregnant. It is also important for women with gestational diabetes to eat a healthy variety of foods. A dietician can help plan meals that are low in simple sugars and carbohydrates. Usually, regular exercise and a healthy diet will effectively treat gestational diabetes. If blood sugar remains high however, a doctor may recommend medications or insulin injections to help regulate glucose. After a mother delivers, her hormones return to normal levels and gestational diabetes usually goes away. She should still have a blood glucose test after pregnancy, to be sure that her sugar has indeed returned to the proper range. Women who develop gestational diabetes in pregnancy are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future, so they need to be tested periodically throughout their lives. They also need to be diligent to lose excess body weight after delivery. If you are pregnant, ask your doctor about getting tested for gestational diabetes. Doing so will help ensure a healthy pregnancy for you and a healthy start for your child.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-15 | Tags »
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Food plays an absolutely critical role in managing diabetes and there are plenty of options to choose from. Learn more about diabetic diets through the video.
Transcript: Diet plays a key role in managing all types of diabetes. Let's look at the ways in which food choices...
Diet plays a key role in managing all types of diabetes. Let's look at the ways in which food choices can help keep you healthy. When you have diabetes, a smart diet starts with understanding how different foods can affect your blood sugar levels. Fortunately, there's a convenient tool to measure this-the glycemic index. The glycemic index, or GI, is a tool that distinguishes how different carbohydrates affect blood sugar. The system compares various foods to pure glucose, which has a rating of 100. Foods with a glycemic index rating below 55, such as an apple, are digested slowly, keeping blood sugar stable. A. Foods with a GI rating greater than 55, like a donut, are digested and absorbed quickly, B. creating intense fluctuations in the body's sugar and insulin levels. Because diabetics must regulate their blood sugar carefully, it is best to avoid foods that will cause sugar spikes. Some examples of foods with particularly high GIs include: A. white bread, which has a GI of 71, B. watermelon, which weighs in at 72 and C. pretzels, which have a GI of 81. A. If you have diabetes, you'll rarely go wrong with fresh vegetables, because they have extremely low glycemic indexes. B. For example, broccoli and spinach both have a GI of 15. Once you begin to use the glycemic index, there are some guidelines to follow that can keep you on the path to good health. Start adding high-fiber foods to your diet. Fiber will keep you full longer and reduce blood sugar surges. A. Enjoy low GI fruit, like apples and cherries. B. Lean meats, like chicken and turkey, C. and unrefined grains are great options for diabetics, too. While every diabetic is different, a good rule of thumb is to try to consume 50 percent of your nutrients from carbohydrates, 20 percent from protein and a maximum of 30 percent from fats. While all of us should watch our intake of saturated fats, processed foods, and simple sugars, it's even more important for diabetics to do so. A. That's because these foods can cause uncontrollable blood sugar surges in diabetics, B. resulting in a coma or even death. Above all else, a great healthy-eating guideline I share with my clients, is to read the ingredient listings on your food. If you don't recognize or can't pronounce some of the ingredients, don't eat it! A diagnosis of diabetes can be life-altering, however following a healthy diet that takes the glycemic index and general good sense into account can help diabetics stay well and feel great! Because every diabetic is different, remember that you should always talk to your doctor before starting a new diet.More »
Last Modified: 2013-07-08 | Tags »
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The symptoms of diabetes are often silent. Basic signs like fatigue can be an indicator. Learn more about signs of type 2 diabetes.
Transcript: An estimated one third of people living with diabetes have no idea that they have it! Avoid being one...
An estimated one third of people living with diabetes have no idea that they have it! Avoid being one of them by knowing what to watch out for. The symptoms of diabetes are often subtle-like mild fatigue or minute weight loss-so the first line of defense against remaining undiagnosed is knowledge. Being aware of your family's medical history and your risk level is imperative to the early detection of diabetes. Had blues legend and diabetic B.B. King known his family's history, he might have been better able to manage the disease that kept him tired and weak for years. When King was finally diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in his early 60s, the musician realized that the deaths of his mother, father, sister and niece were all due to untreated diabetes. Knowledge of your family's history of diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure may help you avoid a late diagnosis and illness like B.B. King's. A. If these complications are in your background, or if B. you are overweight, understand your risk for developing diabetes is greater. It's also important to be aware of the symptoms that are detectable in the early stages of diabetes. The signs of Type 1 diabetes usually develop over just a few days, due to hyperglycemia, a rapid rise in glucose. Type 1 diabetics often complain of excessive thirst or hunger, sometimes accompanied by a dry mouth. Despite an increase in appetite, Type 1 diabetics often lose significant amounts of weight very quickly. Other symptoms include the need to urinate frequently, blurry vision or increased fatigue. Unlike people with Type 1 diabetes, those who develop Type 2 diabetes do so gradually, with minor-and sometimes no-symptoms that crop up over long periods of time. Often, they are not even diagnosed until after the complications of the disease occur. People who develop Type 2 diabetes may experience numbness or tingling in their hands and feet, sores that take a long time to heal or blurry vision. Women may contact frequent yeast infections, while some males complain of unforeseen impotency. Prior to the onset of Type 2 diabetes, many people develop a symptom-free condition called pre-diabetes. This occurs when glucose levels are elevated, but not yet high enough to be considered full-blown Type 2 diabetes. Because pre-diabetes has no discernible symptoms, it's important to get tested for the disease if you have a family history of diabetes or if you're overweight. People of non-Caucasian descent are also more likely to develop pre-diabetes. The symptoms of diabetes are subtle and sometimes don't seem serious, but the long-term ramifications are severe. Luckily, early detection and treatment can prevent organ damage.If you experience any of the symptoms outlined in this video or if you are a high-risk candidate for developing diabetes, see your doctor for a blood glucose test.More »
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Diabetes is a complicated, lifelong condition. Understanding diabetes symptoms, treatments and prevention will help clear up some misconceptions.
Transcript: An estimated 20 million Americans live with diabetes-that's 6 percent of the population! But what exactly...
An estimated 20 million Americans live with diabetes-that's 6 percent of the population! But what exactly is diabetes. Diabetes is a relatively common metabolic disorder that affects the way the body uses food for energy and growth. The food we consume is converted into glucose, or simple sugar, which enters the bloodstream as a source of fuel. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps regulate the level of glucose in the blood and how glucose is used. People with diabetes, however, experience insulin failure, resulting in elevated levels of blood sugar. This causes both the short term symptoms of diabetes-like excessive thirst-and, often, damages the body's organs in the long term. The way in which insulin fails determines how a diabetic is classified. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common, making up 90 to 95 percent of new cases of diabetes. Thomas Edison may be best known for inventing the light bulb, but the Wizard of Menlo Park was also a member of the large Type 2 diabetic population. Due to insulin resistance-a condition related to excess body fat-Type 2 diabetes usually develops in obese people. This condition occurs when a normal amount of insulin no longer suffices, causing blood sugar to rise.The pancreas responds by making extra insulin to lower the sugar. Diabetes results when the pancreas can't keep up. Other times, Type 2 diabetics just stop producing enough insulin with a similar result. 1. Type 2 diabetes usually arises in people who are at least twenty pounds overweight and over forty years old. 2. A family history of diabetes plays a large role, 3. as does ethnicity, with most cases occurring among Native American, Hispanic and African American descent. In contrast to the frequency of Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes makes up only 5 to 10 percent of new cases. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body's immune system gets confused and starts to destroy the cells that produce insulin. In response, the pancreas stops making insulin altogether. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily, yet the injections don't hold them back from leading full lives. Just ask Type 1 diabetic Halle Barry, who has an Emmy, a Golden Globe and an Academy Award under her belt. Type 1 diabetes was once known as "juvenile diabetes," since it's usually diagnosed in people under twenty. Type 1 diabetics are frequently Caucasian. The third type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, occurs in 7 percent of pregnancies, probably because pregnancy hormones reduce receptiveness to insulin. Women are more likely to contract gestational diabetes if they have a family or personal history of diabetes, or if they are of non-Caucasian ethnicity. Although diabetes is currently incurable, there are a number of treatments that can allow diabetics to live healthy, normal lives. Remember, diabetes can't be self-diagnosed, so please see a doctor if you have a family history of the disease or concerns about your health.More »
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The consequences of diabetes may be fatal if the condition is left uncontrolled. Watch this video to learn more about the effects of diabetes.
Transcript: Diabetes is currently the fifth deadliest disease in the United States, claiming the lives of almost...
Diabetes is currently the fifth deadliest disease in the United States, claiming the lives of almost two-thirds of all diabetics. Because so many diabetics are not diagnosed until after a life threatening complication arises, the death rate from diabetes is staggering. In fact, diabetes has taken the lives of some of America's most beloved icons. In her glory days, Ella Fitzgerald was one of the most recognizable voices in America. The "First Lady of Song" had a recording career like none other, winning 13 Grammy Awards over an astounding 57 years. Sadly, the songstress was diagnosed very late in life with Type 2 diabetes and underwent quintuple coronary bypass surgery as a result. Ella's diabetes also caused her failing eyesight and the amputation of both her legs below the knees. Unfortunately, the complications that Ella suffered are not rare. Left untreated, or treated incorrectly, diabetes can lead to a combination of serious and life-threatening effects. A complete list of diabetic side-effects can be overwhelming. Sometimes, it helps to look at each individually to understand why diabetes causes the complications it does. Up to 73 percent of diabetics experience high blood pressure, which means that their hearts have to work extra hard to move blood through their bodies. As a result, blood can get blocked or stopped, resulting in a heart attack or stroke. Although diabetes does not cause high blood pressure, having the disease makes it more likely that you will also have this condition. Some complications of diabetes are not life threatening, but still serious. For example, because diabetes can affect blood flow to the genitals, men with the disease occasionally experience erectile dysfunction while diabetic women can battle low sex drives and vaginal dryness. A. Diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the eyes and is the current leading cause of blindness in people over twenty. B. Additionally, the excess blood sugar found in a diabetic's mouth doubles the odds that he will develop periodontal disease. Diabetics can also suffer from poor blood flow in their limbs, which may lead to nerve damage. In extreme cases, this can result in lower limb amputations, like Ella Fitzgerald's. A. Other minor complications of diabetes include wounds that take too long to heal, B. numbness or tingling in the appendages, C. and bladder infections. But, with early diagnosis and treatment, these consequences can be avoided.If you do think you may have diabetes, seek treatment from a health care professional immediately.More »
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