Insulin and Type 2 Diabetes
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When do people with type 2 diabetes start taking insulin? Watch this video to get details on insulin injections and type 2 diabetes.
Transcript: Type 2 diabetics can go YEARS without taking insulin if their healthy lifestyle and oral diabetes medications...
Type 2 diabetics can go YEARS without taking insulin if their healthy lifestyle and oral diabetes medications control blood glucose levels. But when insulin production SLOWS down or you can't control rising glucose levels, your doctor may start you on insulin injections. Taking that step can be upsetting-maybe you're scared of needles, or you might feel that it's a sign that you have somehow failed to take care of yourself. But moving from oral medications to insulin is not a sure sign of trouble ahead. Insulin actually gives you MORE control over your glucose levels and may reduce the risk of developing diabetes complications such as HEART disease, neuropathy, and BLINDNESS. More and more frequently, doctors are prescribing insulin EARLY on, to improve your lifetime health outcome. You may take it alone or alongside your diabetes medications. And if you work HARD at dieting, exercising, and losing weight, you may be able to ELIMINATE or reduce your need for insulin. Other type 2 diabetics only need to take insulin TEMPORARILY because of pregnancy, broken bones, cancer treatment, or surgery. Now, how does insulin work? Well, insulin replacement TAKES OVER the job of ferrying blood glucose OUT of the bloodstream and INTO cells. When there is too much insulin, you'll end up with LOW blood sugar, but take too little and you will have a blood sugar HIGH. The GOAL of insulin therapy is to keep your body as close to natural blood glucose levels as possible. Dose requirements vary greatly from person to person depending on exercise levels, eating habits, weight and level of insulin resistance. Your doctor will also teach you how to figure out your doses on a DAILY basis based on your GLUCOSE readings and what you're eating. You may NOT need to take it as often as someone with type 1 diabetes does. Insulin therapy DOES require a few lifestyle adjustments, but it's WORTH it-it will help you feel better in the SHORT-term, and preserve your health in the LONG-term, too. Need more information about type 2 diabetes? Watch other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-30 | Tags »
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There are several different types of insulin for diabetes. Check out this video to get all the details about the different types of insulin there are for diabetes.
Transcript: There are 5 types of insulin that you can use for diabetes management. SOME are used to establish a...
There are 5 types of insulin that you can use for diabetes management. SOME are used to establish a basal or baseline glucose level; you then use shorter-acting insulin to fine tune glucose levels when you eat. Rapid-acting insulins-like Humalog and Novolog-reach the bloodstream quickly. They start to work just minutes after injection and should be taken right before a meal. They reach their maximum strength around the 1 hour mark and last from 2 to 4 hours total. Short-acting insulin-also known as regular insulin-should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before a meal so it can reach the bloodstream within that time. It peaks in 2 to 3 hours post-injection. Overall, short-acting insulins-like Humulin and Novolin or Velsolin for the insulin pump-last between 3 and 6 hours. An intermediate-acting insulin-like NPH or Humulin N and Novolin N-takes care of your insulin needs for just about half the day or overnight, depending on what time you take it. It reaches the bloodstream in as little as 2 to 4 hours and peaks around the 8 hour mark. They can last up to 18 hours. Long-acting insulin like Lantus and Levemir take between 6 and 10 HOURS to work after injection but stay active for an entire day or 24 hour period. Premixed insulins are a combination of intermediate and short-acting insulin. They work best for people who have trouble mixing exact insulin amounts on their own for at-home treatment. They should be taken anywhere from 10 to 45 minutes before a meal depending on the specific medication being used. If you have diabetes, talk to your doctor about what combination of insulins works best for your treatment plan.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-30 | Tags »
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Humalog is an insulin used to treat diabetes. Check out this video get details on Humalog.
Transcript: Humalog is the brand name for insulin lispro, an insulin substitute used to treat diabetes, which was...
Humalog is the brand name for insulin lispro, an insulin substitute used to treat diabetes, which was approved by the FDA in 1996. Insulin lispro is a prescription medication which is available only under the brand name Humalog. This fast-acting synthetic product is almost identical to natural human insulin. Here's how insulin lispro works: The synthetic compound is made in a laboratory to closely resemble human insulin. When injected, it passes into the blood stream and allows blood sugar, or glucose, to be transferred into the cells of the body to be used as energy. This results in reduced blood sugar levels. The drop in blood sugar that results from synthetic insulin makes Humalog a good choice for treating Type 1 diabetics. Insulin lispro is fast-acting, which means it starts working 15 minutes after injection and peaks half an hour to two and a half hours later. It is best used in conjunction with a longer-lasting insulin. Insulin lispro must be injected and is sold in boxes of 5 disposable syringes. Dosages vary greatly depending on your doctor's assessment of your insulin needs. Insulin lispro should be injected 15 minutes before-or immediately after-eating, to keep your blood sugar from dropping too much. Be sure to use a new needle and prepare your insulin pen according to the instructions before every dose. Insulin injections can cause irritation or redness at the insertion site and can also result in low or high blood sugar levels, causing dizziness or confusion. Ask your doctor for a complete list of side effects.And tell your physician immediately if you experience fruity breath, rapid breathing, fainting, or any other significant changes. Insulin lispro should not be taken by people who have allergies to insulin products and its use should be monitored carefully in people with kidney or liver disease. Ask your doctor for a full list of medications and conditions that should not be combined with Humalog. Because of its fast-acting nature, Humalog can be useful for lowering blood sugar around mealtimes. However, it should always be used under the direct care of a physician. Please ask for and review all of the patient information provided by your doctor before taking this medication. "The information in this video is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise of your physician. Always consult your doctor before using this drug."More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-22 | Tags »
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