What is Hypoglycemia?
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Diabetics can experience hypoglycemia if their blood sugar drops too low. Get details on hypoglycemic episodes and how to treat them.
Transcript: Hypoglycemia is the medical term for low blood sugar. This condition CAN affect people with diabetes...
Hypoglycemia is the medical term for low blood sugar. This condition CAN affect people with diabetes as a side-effect of their medication. People with diabetes take oral medications or inject insulin in order to move blood sugar into the body's cells where it is used for fuel. If they don't take enough medication, their blood sugar levels remain TOO HIGH. But if they take too much, OR DON'T EAT ENOUGH after taking their medication, then their blood sugar levels may dip TOO LOW. Hypoglycemia can also hit when someone with diabetes exercises vigorously and that uses up too much of their available blood sugar. Symptoms include CRANKINESS, aggressiveness, NERVOUESNESS, blurry vision, FAST heartbeat, headache, TINGLING skin, tiredness, CONFUSED thinking, hunger, SWEATING, and shaking. In severe cases, a person can fall into a life-threatening coma. If you have any of those symptoms, you MUST test your blood sugar level immediately. A blood sugar reading of 70 milligrams per deciliter or lower is considered hypoglycemic. If you don't have a glucose meter on hand, it's better to be SAFE and treat your low blood sugar with a drink of juice or an injection of glucagon. Call 911 ASAP if your blood sugar levels don't improve after treatment, or if you're with someone who passes out from hypoglycemia.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-30 | Tags »
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If you're diabetic, your doctor probably checks your A1C level. Learn all about what your A1C level means in this video.
Transcript: If you're a diabetic, you've probably taken an A1C test. But what exactly does your A1C level mean?...
If you're a diabetic, you've probably taken an A1C test. But what exactly does your A1C level mean? The hemoglobin A1C test gives your doctor a snapshot of your blood glucose over the last 2 to 3 months and tells you your AVERAGE blood glucose level during that time. When your blood glucose level is too high, your red blood cells absorb the extra glucose, which sticks to hemoglobin molecules. This is called glycated hemoglobin and A1C test tells you how much of your hemoglobin is affected. A normal A1C level is about 5% --meaning that 5% of a NON-diabetic person's hemoglobin is glycated. In diabetics, this percentage is often much higher. Achieving an A1C level of 7% is recommended for most people with diabetes-anything higher can cause diabetes-related complications. But diabetics should aim for an A1C LOWER than 7% only after talking to their doctor. If you have trouble bringing your A1C down to a healthy level, work with your doctor to revise your treatment plan. And remember, A1C testing can NEVER replace at-home blood glucose monitoring. At-home monitoring gives you accurate, on-the-spot results, so don't skip itMore »
Last Modified: 2013-04-30 | Tags »
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Monitoring your diabetes is just as much your responsibility as it is your doctor's. Learn how to monitor and manage your diabetes at home with this video.
Transcript: Having diabetes can be quite a challenge. But by regularly monitoring your blood sugar and blood pressure...
Having diabetes can be quite a challenge. But by regularly monitoring your blood sugar and blood pressure AND taking steps to make sure they stay at HEALTHY levels, you CAN reduce your risk of kidney and nerve damage, vision problems and heart disease. Monitoring your blood glucose can be done with a prick of your finger and a glucose monitor. The monitor gives instant results by measuring the amount of glucose in a drop of blood you place on a test strip. Generally, people with type 2 diabetes who use oral medications should monitor glucose levels once or twice a day-- IF they are having trouble maintaining healthy levels or are pregnant. EVERYONE who uses insulin should monitor their levels 4 or more times per day. You're aiming for a glucose level of 70 to 130 before a meal and a level of 180 two hours after you've eaten. You can give yourself an at-home A1C BLOOD TEST every 2 to 3 months to find out your average glucose level over that time. A reading of around 7% your goal. An at-home blood pressure monitor is also useful. Two-thirds of adults with diabetes have high blood pressure. That increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, and vision problems. Fortunately, blood pressure can be controlled through changes in diet and exercise, as well as medications. You should aim for a reading of 120/80. For more information on staying healthy with diabetes, watch the other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-10-17 | Tags »
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