Why Being Overweight Is a Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
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Obesity plays a huge role when it comes to diabetes. Find out how being overweight can up your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by watching this video.
Transcript: Being overweight or obese is a big risk factor for type 2 diabetes. In fact, about 85% of people with...
Being overweight or obese is a big risk factor for type 2 diabetes. In fact, about 85% of people with type 2 are overweight. But what is it about fat in your bloodstream and in your cells that causes blood sugar levels to rise, triggering prediabetes, and full-blown type 2? Fat, it turns out, is not an inert lump. It's a metabolically active substance. When you eat excess calories, you end up with too much fat stored in cells and circulating in your bloodstream. That causes body-wide inflammation and keeps fat cells from signaling the brain with your "I'm full" hormone, called leptin. So you keep overeating-and you add even more trouble-causing fat to be stored throughout your body. Then your cells lose their ability to use insulin-the hormone secreted from your pancreas that regulates blood sugar. Insulin is supposed to tap cells on the shoulder and say-let in some glucose to fuel what you need to do. But when there's too much fat and inflammation in your body, the cells stop feeling that tap and don't take in glucose from the bloodstream. This is called insulin resistance and it makes blood sugar levels rise. When this goes on unchecked, it progresses into full blow type 2 diabetes. But losing just 7% of your body weight and exercising 30 minutes a day can cut your chance of type 2 diabetes by 58%. For more information on how to avoid and control type 2 diabetes watch the other videos in this seriesMore »
Last Modified: 2016-01-06 | Tags »
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The obesity epidemic is hitting America's adults and children. Learn more about the dangers of obesity in this video.
Transcript: In America, over thirty percent of adults and fifteen percent of children are considered obese. So what...
In America, over thirty percent of adults and fifteen percent of children are considered obese. So what exactly is obesity? Obesity is a chronic condition in which people gain excessive body weight in the form of fatty tissue. This increased body fat percentage puts sufferers at risk for more than 30 serious medical conditions, ranging from type 2 diabetes to congestive heart failure. So why are so many of us obese? Often, too much food and too little movement are to blame for obesity. In fact, decreased mobility is the biggest cause of obesity amongst the rapidly growing elderly population. Genetics plays its own role in the obesity epidemic. People with a family history of excessive weight gain are more likely to become overweight themselves. Scientists aren't sure why, but obesity is more common among the African-American and Hispanic populations than it is among Caucasians. Asian Americans are the least likely population to become obese. The simplest way to determine if you're obese is to calculate your body-mass index, or BMI. To check your BMI, you'll need to know your height in inches, and your weight in pounds. Multiply your weight in pounds by seven-hundred and three. Then, take your height in inches and square it. Divide the first figure by the second. The resulting number is your BMI. What does that number mean? Usually, the higher your BMI, the higher your percentage of body fat. If your BMI is less than 18.5, you're considered underweight. A BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered normal, while one between 25 and 29.9 equates to being overweight. If you have a BMI of 30 or higher, you're considered to be obese. While knowing your BMI is a good start to diagnosing obesity, the number isn't definitive. Elderly people, or others with diminished muscle mass, may be at higher risk than their BMIs indicate. Excessive muscle mass, on the other hand, can result in a reading where by a patient who does not have excess fat appears obese by the numbers. Additionally, someone with a BMI of less than 30 can still be considered obese if he suffers from weight-related health problems such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, or sleep apnea. Examining a patient's waist circumference is another way for a doctor to determine if that patient is obese. Generally, the more weight carried above the hips, the more likely it is that this excess weight could lead to health problems. A diagnosis of obesity will be made based on a doctor's assessment of your physical health, as well as medical formulas, such as BMI. If you think you may be overweight, or have concerns about your health, please see your doctor.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-12 | Tags »
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Consequences of obesity are numerous and can seriously jeopardize your health and overall well being. Watch this video to discover its real dangers.
Transcript: One in three American adults is obese-and the number is growing. But obesity can result in serious consequences...
One in three American adults is obese-and the number is growing. But obesity can result in serious consequences to your health! Obesity is a chronic condition in which a person has too much body fat. Excess fat stresses the body in numerous ways. In fact, obesity is directly linked to more than thirty serious illnesses, and can be a contributing factor in numerous others. One of the most serious, and possibly deadly, consequences of obesity is an increased risk of coronary heart disease and heart attacks. Excess body fat may lead to an increased risk of developing certain types of cancer. Studies have found that obesity contributes to esophageal, gastric, colorectal, and breast cancer. Overweight individuals are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, a disease that results in harmful levels of blood sugar in the body. Nearly 90 percent of type 2 diabetics are obese. Doctors have also found direct ties between excess weight and high blood pressure, which increases the chances of having a stroke or kidney disease. Other consequences of obesity are not necessarily life-threatening, but can still be serious and distressing. Changes in hormone levels associated with excess weight can decrease fertility in obese men and women, making it harder to have children. In women, obesity can also contribute to irregular menstrual cycles. Pregnant women who are obese are more likely to contract gestational, or pregnancy, diabetes. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle may increase the risk of blood clots in the legs, as well as result in pulmonary embolisms, a condition where blood clots block lung arteries. Overeating is a primary cause of obesity, so the digestive system may suffer. Obesity increases the likelihood that a person will contract problems in the GI tract and stomach, like liver disease and gallstones. Obesity can often lead to incontinence and a constant urge to urinate, because the extra weight pressing against the urinary tract simultaneously increases urine production and makes urinating harder. When people are obese, it can also result in a variety of common aches and pains, because the excess weight puts too much pressure on parts of the body. The onset and symptoms of osteoarthritis can often be linked to obesity. Carpal tunnel syndrome and heel pain can also flare up more frequently in obese people. The complications of obesity can continue even when people are asleep. Sleep apnea is a condition where a person stops breathing periodically in the night. This causes frequent bouts of sleep disturbance, and may make people with the condition tired during the day. Decreased oxygen can also cause long-term strain on the heart. Additionally, society can be cruel to those who suffer from obesity. Severe depression and eating disorders are more likely to occur in people who are overweight. Obesity can lead to a range of health consequences. But there is good news: A reduction of just five to ten percent of body weight can significantly improve health! If you have concerns about your weight, please make an appointment with your doctor.More »
Last Modified: 2014-04-09 | Tags »
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