How Do You Get Type 2 Diabetes?
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Have you ever wondered what makes someone more prone to type 2 diabetes? Check out this video to learn how people get type 2 diabetes.
Transcript: "How Do You Get Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of a genetic predisposition...
"How Do You Get Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of a genetic predisposition and unhealthy lifestyle habits. If you have a parent or sibling who has diabetes, you're much more likely to develop it-and studies show that's not just because you learn bad habits at home. Ethnicity is also a factor. 14.7 percent of all African Americans age 20 years and older have type 2. 9.8 percent of Caucasian Americans and 9.5 percent of Hispanic/Latino Americans do too. REGARDLESS of your background, if you're OVERWEIGHT AND INACTIVE you can become resistant to insulin, a hormone that lets your cells absorb glucose from the bloodstream to use for fuel. That makes blood sugar levels rise. Initially, you may develop PREdiabetes-this is a stage when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. Finding THIS out lets you take charge of your health so that you can PREVENT type 2 from developing or SLOW its progress so you can avoid the most serious complications. If you don't take charge early-your chances of progressing from PREdiabetes to type 2 are about 30% over the next five years-and even greater after that. Fortunately, losing just 7% of your body weight and exercising for 30 minutes a day can cut your risk of full-blown type 2 by 58%. So talk to your doctor about getting a blood test. If your glucose levels are elevated, take ACTION NOW to get them under control. "More »
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When do people with type 2 diabetes start taking insulin? Watch this video to get details on insulin injections and type 2 diabetes.
Transcript: Type 2 diabetics can go YEARS without taking insulin if their healthy lifestyle and oral diabetes medications...
Type 2 diabetics can go YEARS without taking insulin if their healthy lifestyle and oral diabetes medications control blood glucose levels. But when insulin production SLOWS down or you can't control rising glucose levels, your doctor may start you on insulin injections. Taking that step can be upsetting-maybe you're scared of needles, or you might feel that it's a sign that you have somehow failed to take care of yourself. But moving from oral medications to insulin is not a sure sign of trouble ahead. Insulin actually gives you MORE control over your glucose levels and may reduce the risk of developing diabetes complications such as HEART disease, neuropathy, and BLINDNESS. More and more frequently, doctors are prescribing insulin EARLY on, to improve your lifetime health outcome. You may take it alone or alongside your diabetes medications. And if you work HARD at dieting, exercising, and losing weight, you may be able to ELIMINATE or reduce your need for insulin. Other type 2 diabetics only need to take insulin TEMPORARILY because of pregnancy, broken bones, cancer treatment, or surgery. Now, how does insulin work? Well, insulin replacement TAKES OVER the job of ferrying blood glucose OUT of the bloodstream and INTO cells. When there is too much insulin, you'll end up with LOW blood sugar, but take too little and you will have a blood sugar HIGH. The GOAL of insulin therapy is to keep your body as close to natural blood glucose levels as possible. Dose requirements vary greatly from person to person depending on exercise levels, eating habits, weight and level of insulin resistance. Your doctor will also teach you how to figure out your doses on a DAILY basis based on your GLUCOSE readings and what you're eating. You may NOT need to take it as often as someone with type 1 diabetes does. Insulin therapy DOES require a few lifestyle adjustments, but it's WORTH it-it will help you feel better in the SHORT-term, and preserve your health in the LONG-term, too. Need more information about type 2 diabetes? Watch other videos in this series.More »
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The Glycemic Index can help you watch your diet and count carbs more accurately. Watch this to learn more about the Glycemic Index diet.
Transcript: If you have diabetes, you need to plan your meals so that you know just how many carbohydrates you're...
If you have diabetes, you need to plan your meals so that you know just how many carbohydrates you're eating. That way you can make sure you don't OVERLOAD your bloodstream with glucose. In addition to counting carbohydrates, you can use the GLYCEMIC INDEX to determine how your meal will affect your blood sugar levels. The GI ranks foods based on how QUICKLY their carb content raises your blood glucose. For a STEADY blood sugar levels, it's best to eat mostly low and medium GI foods. Low GI foods are ranked 55 or less. They include stone-ground whole wheat bread, BARLEY, beans, PEANUTS, prunes, carrots, tomatoes, milk, LIGHT yogurt, and many fruits. Medium GI foods are ranked between 56 and 69. They include peas, BANANAS, brown rice, baked sweet potato, and -really--ICE cream. High GI foods are ranked 70 or more. They include plain bagels, short grain white rice, WATERMELON, pineapple, baked white potatoes, cornflakes, and much more. A food's GI increases with the amount of COOKING and PROCESSING it goes through before consumption-al dente pasta is low than SOFT pasta, fresh fruit is lower than fruit JUICE. And larger portions equal HIGHER GIs. Also foods with a low GI may still be HIGH in calories and fat and have FEW vitamins or minerals. That's why the glycemic index is not recommended as a PRIMARY meal planning tool. You should count carbohydrates and then use the GI for added information. And consult your doctor or nutritionist to figure out a meal plan TAILORED to your personal diet goals.More »
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