Hair Washing 101
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Over and under cleansing could both impact your hair. Get this balancing act right by watching hair washing 101.
Transcript: BEFORE May 10, 1908, Americans soaped up their locks once a MONTH. But that day, the New York Times published...
BEFORE May 10, 1908, Americans soaped up their locks once a MONTH. But that day, the New York Times published an article telling women to feel free to wash every two WEEKS. Our hair washing routine was changed FOREVER.Now, washing every DAY is often the norm. But experts say we should take a page from history and tone it down. When we cleanse our hair, we're eliminating the natural sebum from our scalp, leaving it thirsty for moisture Today, it's best to go with a happy medium and wash your hair no more than 2 or 3 times a week. BUT, if you have coarse hair or tight curls, you can hold off longer. In YOUR hair, it's harder for the sebum to get from the follicle down the strands. With STRAIGHT, THIN hair, though, the oil has an EASIER trip down the hair shaft. So you're excused from washing DAILY, but not from washing in general. Shampoos are ALL made of the SAME base ingredients, whether you buy it from the DRUGSTORE or the SALON. They contain water, a cleanser, preservatives, a lathering agent and several other ingredients that make your hair smooth and soft. There ARE 5 to 6 ingredients that differ and impact a shampoo's results. So when you're shopping, DO pick a shampoo that matches your hair type-curly, thin, color treated, etcetera. In the shower, soak your hair thoroughly. Then, apply shampoo to your SCALP, NOT your STRANDS of hair. There's actually no need to cleanse from root to tip since oil comes from the scalp, not the hair shaft itself. Your strands will get squeaky clean when the shampoo rinses out through them.Speaking of rinsing, do it THOROUGHLY. Once your hair's freshly cleaned, bring on the conditioner. Conditioner protects the structure of your hair cuticle. UNLIKE shampoo, you should focus on the TIPS of your hair when using conditioner. They're the oldest part of your strands, particularly if you have long hair. Conditioner is your hair savior, and that's ESPECIALLY true if it's already damaged. Unless you have oily hair, you can condition EVERY time you shampoo. Look for products with dimethicone, B Vitamins, and amino acids to reduce static electricity, improve shine and fortify damaged areas. For more haircare tips and information, take a look at the other videos in this series!More »
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What's in your shampoo? Shampoos are packed with various ingredients and chemicals. Watch this to learn what each ingredients and chemical does to your hair.
Transcript: Your hair FEELS nice and smells WONDERFUL after a shampoo, but do you really know how that happens? To...
Your hair FEELS nice and smells WONDERFUL after a shampoo, but do you really know how that happens? To be savvy about your shampoo choices, you should know what's in your bottle. About 80% or more of your shampoo is just WATER. This might SEEM pointless since your hair is already soaked from the shower, but it's actually CRUCIAL to keeping the other 10 to 30 ingredients diluted enough to be poured from the bottle. Next you have the SURFACTANTS. These are the chemicals that ACTUALLY clean your hair. How they work is kind of cool: First they separate dirt or grease from your hair. Then they wrap themselves around that dirt particle so it can be easily rinsed off. You might see their names listed as Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate, Ammonium LAURETH Sulfate, and Sodium Lauryl Sulfate. Because these detergents also wash away natural oils, they have the potential to DRY OUT your hair. To counter the drying effects of cleansers and give you a healthy-looking shine, a well-balanced shampoo has moisturizers. These include natural oils, fatty acids, glycerin, citric acid, and panthenol. You'll also see names such as sodium benzoate, idopropynyl and DMDM hydantoin listed on your labels. These chemicals are PRESERVATIVES-they keep your shampoo from turning into a bottle of mold. Finally, the FRAGRANCES may be the most important ingredient to some. They mask the fatty odors that would otherwise keep you away. So that's your basic shampoo cocktail. Additional ingredients are mixed in or left out to create one that is perfect for YOUR hair needs. For example, clarifying or oily-hair shampoos have strong sulfate cleansers while washes for color-treated or damaged locks use GENTLER sulfates. If you have fine hair, give it a boost by selecting a product with panthenol which swells the hair shaft. To learn more about ways to keep your hair healthy, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
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While temporary hair dyes are harmless, a permanent dye can damage the cuticle. Learn more about hair dye health: the good, bad and ugly in this video.
Transcript: We often turn to hair dyes for a different LOOK, but do you know how the dyes can DAMAGE your strands?...
We often turn to hair dyes for a different LOOK, but do you know how the dyes can DAMAGE your strands? Different dyes affect your hair in different ways.Temporary, SEMI-permanent AND DEMI-PERMANENT colors wash out after time, and DO NOT cause long-term hair damage.These types of dyes are great for non-committal color within your CURRENT color zone, but if you want a LIGHTER shade, you need a PERMANENT dye. PERMANENT coloring CAN'T be washed out - which means your hair needs to GROW out in order to change it. Permanent dye contains BOTH ammonia and peroxide, which makes this type of color damaging to your strand's cuticle.With the exception of temporary color, hair dyes penetrate the strand's CUTICLE to reach the CORTEX, which makes up the bulk of your hair shaft. This STRIPS the hair of its protective layer and opens up holes in the shaft. Dermatologists warn that going BLONDE is more harmful than a standard color change because bleach STRIPS the hair of its EXISTING color using an ammonia and peroxide combo, after which dye is added. Hair that's been stripped like this MANY times can become dried out and frizzy... OR cause your hair shaft to BREAK temporarily. Your hair can recover, though, by taking a break from regular dying. For at-home color treatments, check first for an allergic reaction before dipping into the dye. Rub a bit of the dye behind your ear. If you get a rash, redness, itching or burning, DON'T use the dye. There are few health risks associated with using hair dye, but aside from allergic reactions, some people can experience eye irritation. There's also been talk of a link between hair dyes and certain cancers, but NO evidence has been found to conclusively support this claim. Pregnant women are often advised to NOT dye their hair, but ACTUALLY the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says that VERY LITTLE dye is absorbed through the skin and is likely NOT harmful to the fetus. Because of possible harmful fumes, ammonia dyes aren't recommended, and to be extra cautious, you can also wait until your SECOND trimester to change your color.Because hair dye affects the cuticles, the American Academy of Dermatology would prefer us not dying our hair AT ALL. But since that MIGHT be unrealistic, they recommend staying within THREE shades of our natural color. And, going darker rather than lighter is healthier for your hair because you won't need peroxide. For more haircare tips, watch more videos in this series!More »
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