What is the Prostate?
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The prostate--you know its name but you might not know its function. Learn more about the prostate and what it's good for by watching this video.
Transcript: Just like all men have penises, all men have prostates, but most are more acquainted with the former!...
Just like all men have penises, all men have prostates, but most are more acquainted with the former! The prostate is a walnut-sized organ which can be both a pleasure center and a place where cancer can reside. The prostate is located between the bladder and the penis in the front of the rectum. The urethra, which carries urine from the bladder through the penis, passes through the prostate's center. The nerves that control erection are attached to both sides of the prostate, as they extend to the penis. The prostate produces seminal fluid, which nourishes and "carries" sperm. Male ejaculate, or semen, is a mixture of this seminal fluid and sperm. The prostate is surrounded by sensitive nerves, which is why some men enjoy anal play. The organ is also the location where prostate cancer, one of the most common forms of the disease, shows up. So, particularly if you're a male over 40, get your prostate checked annually-it can only do you good!More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-13 | Tags »
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Prostate cancer is unfortunately a very common occurrence. But your risk can be minimized. Watch this for tips on preventing prostate cancer.
Transcript: Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men-but what if you could take steps to prevent...
Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men-but what if you could take steps to prevent it? Cancer is scary, but-believe it!-you can take positive steps to protect your prostate by logging more sex sessions! Researchers found that men, who averaged 21 ejaculations a month, were a third less likely to have prostate cancer, than those who ejaculated less frequently. That's because semen contains carcinogenic, or cancer causing, substances. "Flushing" them regularly may lower the risk of damage. And how about upping your alcoholic intake...to a daily glass of wine! One study found that the antioxidants in fermented grapes can inhibit the growth of cancer cells and cut prostate cancer risk in half! The hair-loss treatment, Propecia, generically called finasteride, may also help reduce the likelihood of developing prostate cancer. Finasteride blocks the production of an undesirable hormone that triggers hair-loss and prostate growthFollow these tips, and your prostate will have extra protection against cancer!More »
Last Modified: 2013-08-29 | Tags »
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One in six men will develop prostate cancer during his life. But there are simple steps to help in preventing prostate cancer. Watch this to see what they are.
Transcript: One in six men will develop prostate cancer during his life. This may seem scary, but here are some...
One in six men will develop prostate cancer during his life. This may seem scary, but here are some simple steps that can help keep you safe! One of the easiest ways to protect your prostate is a lot of fun... get spicy and get saucy! A daily intake of just three cloves of garlic, or two tablespoons of scallions, can cut cancer risk in half! And two weekly helpings of tomato sauce can slice risk by almost thirty percent! Why? Antioxidants like lycopene in tomatoes and organo-sulfur compounds in garlic get credit for these food's abilities to fight cancer-causing cell damage. After your delicious Italian meal, enjoy a cup of green or black tea with dessert, another proven prostate cancer-fighter. And while it's not preventative, it IS smart: Make sure to see your doctor for annual prostate exams after your 40th birthday. Caught quickly, almost 100 percent of prostate cancers are curable-a statistic sure to make it easier to endure that gloved finger!More »
Last Modified: 2013-08-29 | Tags »
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What are the most common symptoms of prostate cancer? Watch this video to learn what your symptoms may mean and if you need to see a doctor for a prostate exam.
Transcript: In its early stages, prostate cancer exhibits few, if ANY, symptoms. Sometimes, prostate cancer symptoms...
In its early stages, prostate cancer exhibits few, if ANY, symptoms. Sometimes, prostate cancer symptoms will develop once the cancer has SPREAD to other parts of the body, but even at that advanced stage, prostate cancer symptoms DIFFER in severity on a case-to-case basis. Locally advanced prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate that is not cancerous can affect a man's ability to urinate normally. He may experience: BURNING or painful urination, difficulty in initiating the stream, a frequent or URGENT need to urinate, particularly at night, trouble with emptying his bladder, a WEAK stream of urine, blood in his urine. A man with prostate cancer may also have HINDERED sexual function. Examples include: difficulty achieving ERECTION, pain when ejaculating, and he may see blood in his semen. If prostate cancer has spread to the BONES, a man may feel frequent pain and stiffness in his hips, lower back and upper thighs. But it's important to remember that the vast majority of prostate cancer cases do not metastasize or spread to other parts of the body. These symptoms also commonly occur in other conditions and infections, so DON'T jump to conclusions if these symptoms seem familiar. If you're younger than 50, prostate cancer is LESS likely to be the cause of your urological and sexual problems, but that doesn't mean you can ignore them-I encourage you to see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.More »
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Men of a certain age should get a prostate exam, but which kind is safe and effective? Check out this video to get details on DREs and PSA tests.
Transcript: Prostate cancer screening is often useful, but experts DISagree on whether testing is reliable and safe...
Prostate cancer screening is often useful, but experts DISagree on whether testing is reliable and safe enough to be a benefit for most men. There are 2 ways to check for prostate cancer-a digital rectal exam, or DRE, and the controversial prostate-specific antigen test, or PSA test. The DRE should be done annually. It involves a doctor or nurse inserting their gloved finger into the rectum to check the prostate for abnormalities. There is no debate that this is a valuable exam. The PSA test checks blood levels of an antigen that can be elevated in prostate cancer. The PSA test detects cancer better than the DRE, but research HAS NOT definitively shown that knowing your PSA level decreases the risk of death from prostate cancer. And only about 25 percent of men who have a prostate biopsy due to an elevated PSA level actually have prostate cancer. Furthermore, the biopsy itself can have some negative health consequences. And among the men who DO turn out to have cancer, many are at an age when the slow growing cancer will not be what kills them. Nonetheless, many receive treatments such as radiation or even radical surgery that may do more harm than the slow-growing cancer. That's why the U.S. Preventive Task Force and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend AGAINST PSA screenings for men without symptoms, saying the potential harm outweighs the benefits. In contrast, the Prostate Cancer Foundation, the American Society of Clinical Oncology and the American Urological Association DO think that PSA tests are valuable for healthy men. The bottom line? According to the American Cancer Society, men should DISCUSS prostate cancer testing with their healthcare provider if they're 50 years old with average risk, or 40 to 45 years old with HIGHER risk. That includes a family history of prostate cancer or being African American. Need to know more about prostate cancer? Watch more videos in this series!More »
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Prostate surgery is a very common prostate cancer treatment. Watch this to learn about the different prostate cancer surgeries that a surgeon has to choose from.
Transcript: For some men, a radical prostatectomy, or the removal of the ENTIRE prostate gland and surrounding soft...
For some men, a radical prostatectomy, or the removal of the ENTIRE prostate gland and surrounding soft tissue will be the ONLY treatment they'll need to fight prostate cancer successfully. It's appropriate for men with EARLY stage prostate cancer who are in good health and have a life expectancy of greater than 10 years. There are a FEW different types of radical prostatectomies, all of them are equally successful and the choice is based on the surgeons' personal preference. In a retropubic prostatectomy, the surgeon makes one incision from the BELLY button to the pubic bone. In a PERINEAL prostatectomy, the incision is made on the perineum, which is the skin between the scrotum and anus. In a laporoscopic prostatectomy, surgical instruments and a CAMERA are inserted through several small incisions. Either a surgeon or a robotic arm CONTROLLED by the surgeon operates these through the incisions to remove the affected tissues and glands. These surgeries are SOMETIMES performed on men with advanced cancer that is still safely removable. In these cases, the LYMPH nodes in the abdomen, the seminal vesicles and soft tissue surrounding the prostate may also be removed. After surgery, the next step depends on what the surgeon finds once inside and the results of a PSA test done post-operatively. If the PSA test result is less than 0.1 nanograms per milliliter, a man may be deemed "virtually cured." If you need surgery, it's important to choose a doctor with a lot of experience and skill. During your operation, the doctor is more likely to determine the optimal way to remove your cancer while decreasing permanent side effects and complications-such as urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction. These new surgical techniques have vastly reduced the risk of such side effects and you'll have a better chance of getting back to your normal life than ever before!More »
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When you're diagnosed with prostate cancer, there are several different treatment options you and your urologist will have to consider. Check out this video to learn about the most common prostate cancer treatments.
Transcript: In deciding on a prostate cancer treatment your doctor will look at the STAGE of your cancer and evaluate...
In deciding on a prostate cancer treatment your doctor will look at the STAGE of your cancer and evaluate how aggressive the cancer may be. That is determined by examining tissue and then giving it what's called "The Gleason Score." your doctor will also look at your overall health, your age, and your personal preferences. Prostate cancer is generally slow-growing, so if you're diagnosed with a stage 1 or stage 2 prostate cancer, your doctor MAY want to take a "WAIT AND SEE" approach initially. Your doctor should closely monitor your cancer with blood tests, rectal exams, biopsies and maybe other scans to see if it's growing beyond the prostate. Depending on your age, you might not need treatment for several years, if at all. When treatment IS recommended, radiation therapy using seeds or external beam radiation is a very common choice. Sometimes a short-course of hormonal therapy can be used along with radiation. It blocks the production of testosterone, which is the HORMONE that fuels prostate cancer cells. Surgery is a potential option for men of good health. The prostate, pelvic lymph nodes, and/or seminal vesicles are generally removed through an abdominal incision or minimally invasive surgery using robotic techniques. If more therapy is needed, long-term hormonal therapy may be used. And there also have been great improvements in chemotherapy for advanced prostate cancer. You and your doctor should discuss the possible side effects and consequences of each treatment and how they might affect your life-for example, surgery can interfere with sexual function; although newer techniques are much less damaging than they used to be. Cryosurgery, high-intensity focused ultrasound, hyperthermia and photodynamic therapy are examples of newer treatments that are currently in clinical trials. Ask your urologist about their availability and if they will benefit you or your loved one.More »
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