Parkinson's Disease Stages
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Parkinson's disease stages are divided into levels of severity. Get details on each stage in this video.
Transcript: Doctors divide the progression of Parkinson's disease into different stages based on the severity of...
Doctors divide the progression of Parkinson's disease into different stages based on the severity of symptoms. The original Hoehn and Yahr Scale is divided into 5 stages. In stage one, symptoms appear on only one side of the body. There is tremor is only one limb and the symptoms are troublesome, but not sidelining. In stages two, three, and four, the symptoms worsen and become more and more disabling. A person with stage FIVE Parkinson's disease is entirely bedridden and requires 24/7 care. Thankfully, not EVERY patient with Parkinson's will reach stage 5; the disease affects every person differently. Today there is a NEWER and more WIDELY used measurement tool --the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale, or UPDRS. UPDRS rates dozens of factors -- each in a range from 0-4. Specific factors include everything from a person's ability to use UTENSILS to whether or not they're slurring their SPEECH, or the presence of memory loss. A doctor evaluates the answers and assigns a total score from 0 to 199. Zero indicates a lack of symptoms and 199 indicates complete disability. To get more information on Parkinson's disease, watch other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
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Parkinson's disease medications aim to manage symptoms and slow the progression. Learn about your best options, here.
Transcript: Parkinson's disease isn't curable. So, the goal of treatment is to MANAGE symptoms. Medications that...
Parkinson's disease isn't curable. So, the goal of treatment is to MANAGE symptoms. Medications that increase the levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter responsible for controlling motor function, are often effective - at least for periods of time. Levodopa, which is the FIRST drug specifically created to treat Parkinson's, converts INTO dopamine in the brain. It's almost ALWAYS prescribed along with carbidopa, to prevent levodopa from converting into dopamine elsewhere in the body. This combination CAN be quite effective for a while, but dosage usually is increased as the disease worsens. Another type of medication called a dopamine agonist relieves stiffness but it doesn't ease tremors as well as levodopa and may have more side effects. In advanced stages of the disease, doctors may prescribe dopamine agonists ALONG WITH levodopa. Several other types of Parkinson's drugs provide slight relief of symptoms when taken by themselves, while others help enhance and prolong the effects of levodopa. Ask your doctor for MORE details on these drugs, and NEVER take any medication without his or her permission.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
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Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease can include tremors. Learn about other symptoms in this video.
Transcript: In 1817, James Parkinson used the words "shaking palsy" to describe the symptoms of the disease that...
In 1817, James Parkinson used the words "shaking palsy" to describe the symptoms of the disease that was eventually named after him. The TREMORS of the hands, ARMS, legs, JAW and face that he described are perhaps the most obvious symptoms, but as he noticed, they're NOT the only ones. This motor disorder has THREE other primary symptoms: Slowness of movement, known as bradykinesia, stiffness of the limbs and torso, and diminished balance and coordination. And loss of motor function becomes worse over time as nerve cells that produce the neurotransmitter DOPAMINE, which controls movement, gradually degenerate. This slow erosion of muscle control causes people with Parkinson's to experience SECONDARY symptoms such as difficulty speaking, swallowing or chewing, urinary problems, cognitive issues, sleep disruptions, and depression and anxiety. Learn more about Parkinson's disease by watching the other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2012-08-10 | Tags »
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