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Consequences Of High Blood Pressure235 Views
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Description: Kidney damage, stroke and heart disease are some of the consequences of high blood pressure. But they can often be prevented. Find out more in this video.
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Among people who have high blood pressure, thirty percent don’t even know about it! And that’s bad news, because untreated hypertension causes thousands of deaths each year. As many as 65 million Americans over the age of six have high blood pressure, or hypertension. So what are the consequences of this epidemic? A stroke, which affects the arteries leading to the brain, is one of hypertension’s most serious consequences. Strokes are caused by a clot obstructing the flow of blood to the brain, or by a blood vessel rupturing with the same result. Al Capone is best known for his life of crime in prohibition America, where he was heralded as the boss of the criminal organization Chicago Outfit. What many people don’t know about Capone however, is that he suffered a stroke while in prison, which led to his demise at just 48. People with hypertension are eight times more likely to suffer from strokes like Capone’s than people with normal blood pressure. In fact, high blood pressure is identified as the number one risk factor for strokes. People with hypertension are also twice as likely to suffer from heart attacks. A heart attack occurs when the flow of oxygen-carrying blood to the heart is blocked. Like strokes, heart attacks can result in death. High blood pressure is also the number one risk factor for developing congestive heart failure. This serious condition occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to supply the body’s needs. In addition, people with untreated hypertension often suffer kidney damage or even kidney failure. The kidneys act as filters to rid the body of waste. Over time, high blood pressure can narrow and thicken the blood vessels of the kidneys, making it difficult for them to do their job and resulting in waste build up in the blood. High blood pressure can also affect the arteries and arterioles, or smaller arteries, throughout the body. As we age, our arteries harden and become less elastic. While this occurs gradually in all people, those with hypertension experience a speeding up of the process, causing the heart and kidneys to work harder. Even the eyes are not immune to the effects of hypertension! Long-term high blood pressure can eventually cause blood vessels in the eyes to burst or bleed. As a result, vision can become blurred or otherwise impaired. In some cases, total blindness can occur. These consequences are frightening, but the good news is that they ARE avoidable. Clinical trials have found that lowering blood pressure to acceptable levels can reduce the risk of stroke by 35 percent, the likelihood of heart attack by 25 percent and the occurrence of heart failure by 50 percent! If you have hypertension, or think you may be a candidate for developing the condition, please talk to your doctor about treatment options.
High Blood Pressure
More than 65 million people in the United States have high blood pressure. However, very few of us actually know the consequences of high blood pressure, which can be life threatening in severe cases.
Consequences of High Blood Pressure
• A primary risk factor for stroke is uncontrolled high blood pressure. The brain’s blood vessels can be weakened, resulting in their narrowing, or leaking. A stroke can also be caused by restricted blood flow in the brain.
• The blood vessels in the eyes may bleed or burst due to high blood pressure. This may result in blurred vision and in some severe cases can also result in blindness.
• A major risk factor of heart attack is high blood pressure. Arteries are responsible for bringing the oxygen-carrying blood to the heart. In case sufficient amount of oxygen does not reach the heart, chest pain is experienced, which is commonly referred to as “angina”. And in case of blood flow blockage, the individual can suffer a heart attack.
• It should be noted here that high blood pressure is the number one risk factor for congestive heart failure (CHF). In CHF, the heart is not able to pump enough blood for the entire body to function normally, which consequently results in heart failure.
• Kidneys are used to help the body filter out waste. Because of high blood pressure, the blood vessels in the kidneys swell up. This causes restriction in the vessels, and waste can build up in the blood. A complete kidney failure may be inevitable in serious conditions.
High blood pressure cannot be cured, but it can be treated and managed. You can start off by switching to a healthier diet and monitor your sodium intake closely. Regular exercise can help you reduce weight and blood pressure. If you smoke, you need to stop immediately and limit your alcohol consumption. And most importantly, visit your doctor for a detailed check up and advice.