How to Prevent a Stroke
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Up to 80 percent of strokes that occur in the United States each year could be prevented! Need more convincing? Check out this video!
Transcript: Stroke is the number one cause of adult disability and the third leading cause of death in America. But...
Stroke is the number one cause of adult disability and the third leading cause of death in America. But many strokes can be prevented! A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted. Strokes are frightening, but with preventative measures, up to 80 percent of them can be thwarted! Some preventative techniques can be as simple as basic lifestyle adjustments. For example, if you smoke, stop. Smokers have twice as much change of suffering a stroke, and quitting can significantly reduce that risk. Similarly, controlling excess alcohol intake can reduce the likelihood of a stroke. For women, this means keeping consumption down to one drink daily and for men, two. Doing cardiovascular exercise for a minimum of thirty minutes five times a week, can reduce your weight and lower your cholesterol-two important factors in stroke prevention! A final, important lifestyle adjustment is to eat a healthy, balanced diet. The American Heart Association recommends these guidelines. Eat five to six servings of fruits, vegetables and grains daily. Enjoy fish at least twice a week. Choose fats and oils with 2 grams or less of saturated fat per serving. And consume no more than 1 teaspoon of salt per day. These guidelines will help to reduce three major risk factors that lead to stroke-high blood pressure, high cholesterol and excess weight. It's also important to know your numbers! If you have blood pressure that is consistently above 120 over 80, or total cholesterol above 200 milligrams per deciliter, you'll need to work with your doctor to lower them. To get your numbers back to a normal range, your doctor will recommend the lifestyle changes we've discussed as well as (in some cases), medication. Two types of medication are particularly helpful in preventing strokes: antiplatelets and anticoagulants. Antiplatelets, like aspirin and Plavix, inhibit the production of the clotting agent thromboxane. Because thromboxane encourages clot-formation in the body, it can cause deadly build-ups in people with stroke-risk. Anticoagulants, like coumadin, also inhibit the body's ability to form clots, but they do so by interfering with Vitamin K. Because Vitamin K is essential to creating clotting proteins, this medication can help. Anticoagulants are prescribed for the condition known as atrial fibrillation, which is an irregular heartbeat that causes blood build-up in the heart's chambers. This can lead to clotting and, eventually, strokes. If you have atrial fibrillation, your risk for a stroke is six-times greater than a non-sufferer. Therefore, it's important to work with your doctor to get the condition under control. As a last resort to prevent a stroke, your doctor may perform a surgical procedure called a carotid endarterectomy. During this procedure, fatty deposits are removed from one of the two major arteries in the neck which supply blood to the brain. This can reduce strokes in high-risk candidates by up to 80 percent. Strokes are life-altering, and they can be deadly. But by taking proper preventative measures, you can reduce your stroke risk significantly.More »
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A stroke occurs when there is an interruption of blood supply in a brain. But how much do you know about stroke risk factors, causes and treatments? Get a better understanding of stroke in this video.
Transcript: About 700,000 Americans suffer a stroke each yearthats one stroke every 45 seconds! And yet, many people...
About 700,000 Americans suffer a stroke each yearthats one stroke every 45 seconds! And yet, many people dont even know what a stroke IS. A stroke is a brain attack that occurs when there is an interruption in the cerebral blood supply, resulting in the death of cells and some brain damage. When cells die during a stroke, skills controlled by that area of the brain are lost. The ability to move, feel, speak or remember can be affected. How a stroke affects a person depends on what part of the brain is afflicted and how much damage results. Ischemic strokes account for about 83 percent of cases. They occur when clots form within the arteries that supply blood to the head. The blockage of blood results in insufficient oxygen getting to that part of the brain. Ischemic strokes can be divided into two subtypes: embolic and thrombotic. An embolic stroke occurs when a blood clot forms elsewhere in the body and a portion of the clot breaks off, traveling to the blood vessels of the brain. The clot continues its journey until it reaches vessels too small to let it pass. At this point, the clot gets lodged, blocking the blood vessel and causing an embolic stroke. Say the words Richard Nixon, and embolic stroke is NOT what comes to mindwere more likely to think of Vietnam and Watergate. But Nixon DID have a deadly embolic stroke, which occurred when a clot in his heart traveled to his brain. The other type of ischemic stroke, a thrombotic stroke, can also be deadly. In this stroke, blood flow is halted due to a local blood clot, known as a thrombus, which develops in an artery supplying blood to the brain. Ischemic strokes are the most common type, but hemorrhagic strokes, which make up to 17 percent of cases, are often more dangerous. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel ruptures and bleeds into the brain, compressing the brain tissue. Hemorrhagic strokes can be intracerbral, which is more common, or subarachnoid. In an intracerbral hemorrhage, bleeding occurs from vessels within the brain itself. High blood pressure is the main cause of this type of hemorrhage. If asked to recall Franklin Delano Roosevelt, youre not likely to think of intracerbral hemorrhages. But, like Nixon, Roosevelt was a stroke-sufferer. In fact, a brain hemorrhage led to his death in 1945. The other kind of bleed is a subarachnoid hemorrhage, which occurs when a ballooning of a weakened blood vessel, or arterial aneurism, bursts. Blood then spills into the protective spinal fluid around the brain, causing it to be surrounded by this contaminated fluid. If the blood goes into the brain, or if the blood vessels spasm, it can cause a stroke. A stroke is a brain attack. No matter what type of stroke a patient has, it is important to seek medical assistance IMMEDIATELY, as lifetime disability or death can result.More »
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The symptoms of stroke can be surprising. Learn to recognize and spot the signs of stroke. Watch this for more.
Transcript: Strokes are the third biggest killer in America today. Learning the warning signs of a stroke is crucial...and...
Strokes are the third biggest killer in America today. Learning the warning signs of a stroke is crucial...and could just save a life. A stroke occurs when there is an interruption of blood flow to the brain. This causes the death of brain cells, and results in brain damage. In America, 700,000 strokes occur annually. The symptoms of a stroke depend on the type of stroke and what area of the brain is affected. As early as 400 B.C., the Greek philosopher Hippocrates, described the stroke-phenomenon of sudden paralysis. He used the term apoplexy, from the Greek word meaning "struck down with violence." Hippocrates had the right idea. One of the most common signs of a stroke is sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body. People who are having a stroke can also experience trouble moving due to dizziness, loss of balance, or loss of coordination. Stroke victims may experience trouble speaking or understanding. Sudden confusion is also common. Other possible indicators of a stroke include sudden difficulty seeing and a sudden severe headache with of unknown cause. Experiencing any of these symptoms may be an indication of a stroke. However, these signs can also point to a transient ischemic attack, or TIA. TIAs or "mini-strokes" begin like a regular ischemic, or blood-clot stroke. A blood vessel to the brain becomes blocked, or leaks, halting the flow of oxygen and nutrients. The difference between TIAs and full-blown strokes, however, is that TIAs are reversible through normal body repair mechanisms. Even though TIAs disappear on their own, they are an indicator that a major stroke could occur. It's important to receive immediate treatment for a mini-stroke, because more than a third of people with this condition have a full-blown attack soon after. If you think someone around you may be having a stroke, act F-A-S-T, or fast, and do this mini-test. FACE-Ask the person to smile and note if one side of their face droops.ARMS-Ask the person to raise both arms and see if arm drifts downwards.SPEECH-Ask the person to repeat a sentence and listen carefully to their words. Are they slurred? Are they correct?TIME-Any of these symptoms are a sign of stroke. Get the person to a hospital quickly. It's important to remember that both TIA and strokes are an emergency! The longer that treatment is withheld, the more brain cells will die. Knowing the symptoms of stroke is a positive step you can take to avoid the severe damage, or death, that can result from the condition. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns about stroke.More »
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After a stroke, a person's physical health is often permanently changed. Different people experience different effects of storke -- watch this video for details.
Transcript: Stroke is the biggest cause of disability in the United States. What exactly happens after a person suffers...
Stroke is the biggest cause of disability in the United States. What exactly happens after a person suffers a stroke? The specific disability caused by a stroke depends on both the extent of the brain damage and where in the brain the injury occurred. The brain is a complicated organ which is divided into several main parts: The right and left hemispheres, the cerebellum, which is located at the back of the brain, and the brain stem, which is located at the bottom of the brain. Each part is responsible for specific functions in the body. Let's look at how a stroke in each of the different areas of the brain might affect a survivor. A stroke in the right hemisphere of the brain often causes paralysis in the left side of the body. This is known as left hemiplegia. Right-hemisphere stroke survivors may have difficulty with spatial and perceptual abilities, resulting in trouble picking things up, misjudging distances, difficulty dressing, and falling down. Survivors of right-hemisphere strokes often have judgment difficulties. They often develop impulsive, dangerous habits, like driving a car when they do not have the spatial ability to do so. Right-hemisphere stroke survivors may also experience left-side neglect, causing them to ignore objects on their left. For example, a person with this condition might not eat food on the left half of their plate. Conversely, a stroke in the left hemisphere of the brain can cause paralysis in the right side of the body, or right hemiplegia. Survivors of left-hemisphic strokes may develop aphasia, a term used to describe difficulty with speaking or understanding language. Patients who have had a left-hemisphere stroke often develop a slow, cautious style of behavior. They may need frequent instruction and feedback on the most basic of tasks. Both right and left-hemisphere strokes can affect short-term memory, resulting in difficulty learning new information and an impaired ability to retain it. A stroke that occurs in the cerebellum affects reflexes and balance. Cerebellal strokes can result in difficulty standing, nausea, dizziness and even vomiting. The most physically devastating of strokes are those that occur in the brain stem. The brain stem is responsible for all involuntary functions of the body, like blood pressure, heartbeat and breathing. Damage to this area may require life support. Brain stem strokes can also lead to problems with hearing, talking and swallowing. No matter the type of stroke, some level of depression is almost always present in survivors. A depressed person may refuse to take medication or participate in physical or occupational therapy. Strokes have a profound life-altering effect on survivors. Most will need therapy...and time...to begin the healing process. If you have suffered a stroke, please be sure to remain under a doctor's care.More »
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For a stroke survivor, mobility may become a challenge. However, physical therapy can help. To know more about mobility after stroke, check out this video.
Transcript: After a stroke, even the most basic movements may become impaired. Learn more about how stroke-survivors...
After a stroke, even the most basic movements may become impaired. Learn more about how stroke-survivors work to recover their mobility. In order to move a leg, finger, or other body part, the brain must send a message to the relevant muscle through neuronal pathways. After a stroke, these pathways, or the brain itself, may be damaged, resulting in paralysis or spasticity. Paralysis is the inability to move a muscle or muscle group voluntarily. Spasticity is defined as an increase in muscle tone that makes movement difficult or uncontrollable. Spasticity can result in a tight fist that cannot be easily opened, a stiff leg, a bent elbow or a pointed foot. Paralysis and spasticity lead to balance problems. In fact, 40 percent of stroke-survivors have a serious fall in the year following their stroke, proper rehabilitation can prevent this. The goal of rehabilitation is to make the patient as independent as possible. Stroke survivors with mobility problems can work with a physical therapist to restore their walking ability, range of movement, and balance. Physical therapy is used to treat spasticity. A therapist will work daily with the patient, gently stretching tight muscles and repositioning body parts, in an effort to restore normal movement. Occupational therapy is another primary part of rehabilitation. It involves relearning skills necessary for everyday life, such as dressing, eating and using the bathroom. Many prescription medications are also available to help treat the effects of spasticity and paralysis. A group of drugs called benzodiazepines act on the GABA receptor in the central nervous system to relax muscles and ease the effects of spasticity. Valium, or diazepam, and Klonopin, or clonazepam, are often recommended. Tizanidine, which is marketed under the name Zanaflex, works in the central nervous system to relax muscles. Tizanidine's effect is short-acting and should be saved for times when immediate relief is needed. Medications such as Dantrolene sodium and baclofen, are other options for easing the contractions, tightness and paralysis of muscles. Assistive devices can improve safety and increase movement around the home. Ramps, grab bars, raised toilet seats, and tub benches are all useful options. Movement aids, including leg braces, walkers, and wheelchairs can help stroke survivors have more independent mobility. Often, these aids provide only temporary assistance until the stroke survivor recovers. After a stroke, a person can experience difficulty with what were once simple tasks. It's important to be patient and understanding during the rehabilitation process. Decreased mobility after a stroke can be devastating, but there are many treatments that can help. Work closely with a doctor and therapist to devise a rehabilitation plan that fits.More »
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Did you know that a stroke may be responsible for a number of emotional changes in a person? Know more about emotions after stroke in this video.
Transcript: There are over 5 million stroke survivors in the United States, and almost all of them experience emotional...
There are over 5 million stroke survivors in the United States, and almost all of them experience emotional changes following their strokes. Let's look at some coping mechanisms. Having a stroke can affect the parts of the brain that deal with emotions and social interaction. This can be difficult for survivors, as well as family and friends, but understanding emotional disorders can help. Involuntary Emotional Expression Disorder, or I.E.E.D, is a medical condition that causes sudden, unpredictable emotional displays, like crying jags or laughing outbursts. I.E.E.D occurs when an injury...like a stroke...disrupts brain signaling, causing a loss of control over the emotional centers. The result is inappropriate emotional outbursts, such as laughing during a work presentation, or crying at a comedy club. Also known as Pseudobulbar Affect, the disease impacts over 1 million Americans, many of them stroke-survivors. I.E.E.D has no approved cure, but it can help to be open about having the condition, and work with a doctor or therapist to deal with unexpected outbursts. It is also comforting to realize that I.E.E.D may diminish with time. After a stroke, most survivors suffer some levels of depression. Sometimes the depression goes away on its own, but, medication and counseling are frequently needed. Many anti-depressants, such as Zoloft and Prozac, are available to treat stroke induced depression. Apathy is different from depression. A person with this condition doesn't seem to care about anything, including rehabilitation. The best response to apathy is not to accept it. Get a stroke survivor up and moving by offering them choices of what to do-but make it clear that staying in bed is not one of them! Other commonly experienced emotional extremes are bouts of anxiety and panic. Therapy, in conjunction with a group of drugs called benzodiazepines, can help reduce these symptoms. Benzodiazepines act on the GABA receptor in the central nervous system to combat the anxiety response and inhibit panic attacks. Valium and Klonopin are both popular benzodiazepine options. After a stroke, some people may want to be alone all the time. However, socializing with family and friends is an important part of rehabilitation. Joining a support group allows a survivor to interact with other people who understand what it's like to have had a stroke. It's also a great way to meet new friends. The emotional challenges that survivors face after a stroke are huge. However, with proper rehabilitation, good care, and a strong support network, the prospect for recovery is great.More »
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Did you know that most people who experience a stroke may face various health issues for years to come? Check out our video that discusses recovering after stroke in detail.
Transcript: One in five people who have a stroke will develop problems involving their mental or cognitive abilities....
One in five people who have a stroke will develop problems involving their mental or cognitive abilities. Lets explore the cognitive treatment options for stroke-survivors. After a stroke, a survivor can have difficulty with memory, comprehension, language and communication. These changes are scary, but are often treatable. Memory loss after stroke is quite common, with short-term memory being the most frequently affected. A person experiencing this may remember events from forty years earlier, but may be unable to recall what they had for breakfast. Some experience difficulty with verbal memory and cant recall names or stories. Others have trouble with visual memory and find it hard to distinguish faces and locations. People with all types of memory loss may benefit from working with an occupational therapist, who can teach them coping mechanisms. Some basic techniques that may help include following a rigid routine each day, and always putting things away in the same places. Aphasia is a language disorder which results in partial or total loss of the ability to speak, comprehend, read, or write. There are currently one million people in America who have one of the three types of aphasia: Wernickes aphasia, Brocas aphasia and Global aphasia. People with Wernickes aphasia have comprehension difficulties. They usually have little trouble talking, but often say words and sentences that dont make sense. For example, a person might call a knife a gleeble. Brocas aphasia results in difficulty both with forming complete sentences and with the rules of grammar. People with Brocas aphasia often speak in short statements like walk home. The most severe form is global aphasia. People with global aphasia can barely speak or understand what is being said to them. In addition, they can no longer read or write. Most people with aphasia benefit from close work with a speech or language therapist. A therapist will work on restoring language ability and on learning compensating methods of communication, like using pictures. Multiple strokes can also produce a decline in intellectual ability. This results in a common form of dementia called vascular dementia.. People with vascular dementia may experience difficulty with calculations and problem-solving. They may also find it difficult to learn new skills or to access information that can help them make decisions. There is currently no cure for vascular dementia, so its important for people with this form of mental decline to be honest about their difficulties with their team of doctors. The cognitive effects of a stroke can be devastating, but speech and occupational therapy can help. A strong support network can, too, so try to be there for your loved one during this difficult time.More »
Last Modified: 2013-08-29 | Tags »
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Atrial fibrillation, also known as Afib, is an irregular and rapid heartbeat. It can be occasional or chronic. Watch this video to see what sets them apart.
Transcript: An estimated 2.7 million Americans are living with atrial fibrillation, a condition that causes an irregular...
An estimated 2.7 million Americans are living with atrial fibrillation, a condition that causes an irregular and sometimes rapid heartbeat-often with as many as 350 to 600 beats a minute. That's a lot higher than the norm of 60 to 100. Sometimes, however, it causes no noticeable symptoms, and is identified only through a routine physical exam. Some people only have occasional atrial fibrillation, also known as, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Their symptoms typically last a few minutes or hours, and eventually go away on their own. Chronic atrial fibrillation, on the other hand, is 24/7. Both types can cause shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue and nausea. And they greatly increase the risk for stroke and heart failure. Fortunately, this common cardiac condition is easily treated with medication, medical devices and lifestyle changes, and isn't usually life-threatening. To learn about common symptoms, causes and treatments, check out more videos on this site.More »
Last Modified: 2012-10-18 | Tags »
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Artrial fibrillation is a condition in which the heart’s electrical system becomes damaged. Find out about A Fib causes and risk factors in this video.
Transcript: Atrial fibrillation is an irregular and rapid heartbeat that occurs when electrical impulses travel...
Atrial fibrillation is an irregular and rapid heartbeat that occurs when electrical impulses travel abnormally through the heart muscle. High blood pressure, atherosclerosis, or a previous heart attack may damage the heart's electrical system, triggering fibrillation. There is evidence that inflammation in the body, associated with obesity, diabetes, and coronary artery disease, can also cause the problem -- as can sleep apnea, chronic lung disease, and congenital problems with the heart valves. Once atrial fibrillation begins, the heart's upper and lower chambers can no longer work together to supply the body with a steady, well-oxygenated supply of blood. That's why A-fib increases your risk of heart attack and stroke. Atrial fibrillation generally affects people 60 and older. About 25 percent of men and women will develop the condition. Family history is also risk factor. A study of more than 2,200 diagnosed patients found that 30 percent had parents with atrial fibrillation. For information on atrial fibrillation symptoms and how this heart condition is diagnosed and treated, check out other videos on this site.More »
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Did you know there are a number of symptoms associated with atrial fibrillation? Watch this video and learn about atrial fibrillation symptoms.
Transcript: Have you been experiencing an irregular, rapid heartbeat - up to 350 to 600 beats a minute? If so,...
Have you been experiencing an irregular, rapid heartbeat - up to 350 to 600 beats a minute? If so, it may be atrial fibrillation - a disruption of heart rhythm that can deprive the body of oxygenated blood and may cause a stroke or heart attack. Aside from a rapid heartbeat, other common symptoms of this cardiac condition include: decreased blood pressure, shortness of breath and chest pains. Some people though, may have no symptoms. If your symptoms do send you to the doctor's -and they should -- he or she will ask about your medical history and sensations, and conduct tests to confirm that atrial fibrillation is the cause of your discomfort. If you have chest pain, however, don't go to the doctor, head for the ER. Tests to diagnose atrial fibrillation include: An electrocardiogram to measure electrical impulses of the heart. If there is a lull or a spike in these impulses, chances are atrial fibrillation is the cause. An echocardiogram, in which sound waves produce a video image of the heart in motion. These images show how blood is pumped through the heart, revealing any delays or increases, as well as any structural damage. If abnormalities are found, the doctor may suggest wearing a Holter monitor, a small device that records the heart's electrical activity, for a day or two as you go about your regular routine. Or an event recorder, which is similar to the Holter monitor but is worn for about a month and only records the heart's electrical activity when symptoms are present. Blood tests and chest X-rays are then typically administered to rule out other conditions. For example, a blood test can reveal that the symptoms are the result of thyroid disease and an X-ray can confirm various other heart and lung conditions. For those who may have no symptoms, the condition is typically uncovered during a routine visit to the doctor. For information on atrial fibrillation treatment options, check out other videos on this site.More »
Last Modified: 2013-08-09 | Tags »
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Do you have atrial fibrillation? Treatments for this condition include lifestyle changes, medication and surgery. Check out our video to learn in detail about atrial fibrillation treatments.
Transcript: To treat atrial fibrillation -- an irregular, rapid heartbeat -- your doctor will prescribe medications...
To treat atrial fibrillation -- an irregular, rapid heartbeat -- your doctor will prescribe medications and lifestyle changes to REGULATE your heart rate and PREVENT blood clots that could cause a stroke or heart attack. In some cases, medical procedures or surgery are also necessary. To slow your heart rate, beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers are often prescribed. They help dilate blood vessels, which takes pressure off the heart and lowers blood pressure. Digoxin is also prescribed to slow your heart rate. It works by regulating electrical impulses that generate the heartbeat. Antiarrhythmic medications such as POTASSIUM channel blockers and sodium channel blockers are also recommended. Sodium channel blockers reduce the heart's ability to conduct electricity, while potassium channel blockers slow down the electrical signals. They both keep erratic electric impulses from making the heart beat sporadically. These medications are initially effective 30 to 60 percent of the time, but may lose their usefulness. And in some cases they can cause more arrhythmia. To prevent or treat existing blood clots, blood thinners, known as anticoagulants and antiplatelets, are recommended. Aspirin, heparin, warfarin, and dabigatran are the most common ones. It is also important to make lifestyle changes that will protect your heart. For instance, quitting smoking, drinking alcohol in moderation - or not at all - and avoiding caffeine may lower blood pressure and increase blood oxygenation. Also, tell your doctor about your use of all over-the counter medications; certain cough and cold medications can aggravate symptoms, as can caffeine-containing migraine medications. Sometimes, when medications and lifestyle changes don't stabilize your heart rhythm, a medical procedure or surgery may be needed. To find out about medical procedure and surgeries to correct atrial fibrillation, watch the other videos in this series. For more information on atrial fibrillation causes and diagnosis, check out other videos on this site.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
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Sometimes it takes more than medications and lifestyle changes to treat atrial fibrillation, which is where surgical procedures, such as cardioversion, come in.
Transcript: If you have atrial fibrillation, an irregular, rapid or slowed heartbeat, and it's not being controlled...
If you have atrial fibrillation, an irregular, rapid or slowed heartbeat, and it's not being controlled with medications or lifestyle changes, your doctor may suggest cardioversion. This is a noninvasive procedure that uses electrical shock to restore a normal heart beat. Catheter ablation therapy is also commonly used. One type is called PVAI or pulmonary vein atrium isolation. In this procedure, a catheter is inserted into the atrium-an upper chamber of the heart. The catheter's tip emits a pulse. It scars veins in the atrium that are causing the irregular heartbeat; this prevents renegade electrical signals from traveling through the heart muscle and restores a normal heart rhythm. In ablation of the atrioventricular, or AV, nodes, radiofrequency is used to stop the erratic electrical signals from being transmitted from the upper to lower chambers of the heart. The result is that the blood is once again pumped at a steady pace. Once these procedures are done, a permanent pacemaker is then implanted to maintain a regular heartbeat. For more information on atrial fibrillation causes and diagnosis, check out other videos on this site.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-20 | Tags »
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If uncontrolled, atrial fibrillation can trigger: an inconsistent blood supply, chronic fatigue, stroke, and heart failure. So how these complications can be prevented.
Transcript: Atrial fibrillation, a condition that causes an erratic and rapid heartbeat, can be effectively managed...
Atrial fibrillation, a condition that causes an erratic and rapid heartbeat, can be effectively managed with medication, medical devices and lifestyle changes. And chances are you will be able to resume an active life once again. But if uncontrolled, atrial fibrillation can trigger: An inconsistent blood supply to the body and brain, Chronic fatigue, Stroke, and Heart failure. When an irregular, rapid heartbeat causes blood to pool in the atria or upper chambers of the heart a blood clot can form. If a clot enters the bloodstream, it can lodge in the brain, causing a stroke. Atrial fibrillation makes you 3 to 5 times more likely to have a stroke than someone without the condition. High blood pressure, diabetes, and a history of heart failure or previous stroke, can also increase your risk. Heart failure is also a risk because irregular, rapid contractions weaken the heart muscle, so it no longer efficiently pumps oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. Symptoms of heart failure include shortness of breath, fatigue, and swelling of the feet, ankles and legs. But treatment can help you avoid these complications and even restore a normal heart rate. To learn about common atrial fibrillation treatments check out other videos on this site.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-20 | Tags »
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